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Are We Prepared for Disease Emergencies?

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The epidemic spread of aquatic animal diseases is an increasing event in many regions of the world. In Asia, we have witnessed the devastating impacts of epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) on freshwater fish during the 1980s and 1990s, viral nervous necrosis (VNN) in marine fish since the 1990s, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in penaeid shrimp from the early 1990s, and the emerging taura syndrome virus (TSV) in Penaeus vannamei. Since early 2002, Indonesia ha...

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Status of Sea Turtle Stocks in the Pacific

By: Milani Chaloupka

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Six species of sea turtles occur in the Pacific Ocean (green turtles, loggerheads, leatherbacks, hawksbills, olive ridleys and flatbacks). All species, except flatbacks, have transboundary distributions. The status of most sea turtle stocks in the Pacific Ocean is poorly understood. Some stocks are increasing, such as in eastern Australia and Hawaii. However, there is evidence that many stocks have been reduced significantly, which is mainly a result of overharv...

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Second Global Forum of Food Safety Regulators

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. Election of officers 2. Adoption of the Agenda 3. Outcome of GF-1 a) Reminder of the purpose/objective of the First Global Forum: The Concept Paper (see Annex 1) agreed upon at the Preparatory Meeting of GF-1 indicates that the main purpose of the Global Fora is ?... to promote exchange of information on approaches and experience in dealing with current food safety issues of potential importance to public health and international food trade; to advance the pr...

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Evaluation des Ressources Forestieres Mondiales

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Les for?ts jouent un r?le crucial dans le bien-?tre de l?humanit?. Elles constituent le fondement de la vie sur la plan?te grĊ¸ce ? leurs fonctions ?cologiques : r?gularisation du climat et des ressources hydriques, habitats pour les plantes et les animaux et bien d?autres. Les for?ts fournissent ?galement un large ?ventail de biens essentiels comme le bois, les aliments, le fourrage et les m?dicaments, ainsi que des occasions de loisirs, de renouvellement spirit...

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Part I. Summary of National Reports Chapter I Commercial Aquacultu...

By: N. Hishamunda

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1.1 Introduction 1.1.1 Objectives of the study The objectives of the study were to review commercial fish farming in C?te d?Ivoire through an analysis of technical, socio-economic and policy factors that were critical for the development of the industry. 1.1.2 Study methodology The history of aquaculture in C?te d?Ivoire was reviewed through a literature study. A sample survey of 25 aquaculture farms was undertaken and the data for an economic analysis were coll...

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Major Animal Movement Patterns in South Asia

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The SEAFMD Campaign involves the coordination of FMD control by eight of the ASEAN countries and these include Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam. The programme is currently directed by an OIE Sub-Commission for FMD in Southeast Asia and is now half way through its second phase (Phase II). AusAID is the major donor for this phase of the campaign. It has been agreed that prime responsibility for the SEAFMD Campaign...

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A Simple, Spreadsheet-Based, Food Safety Risk Assessment Tool

By: Thomas Ross

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The development and use of a simple tool for food safety risk assessment is described. The tool is in spreadsheet software format and embodies established principles of food safety risk assessment, i.e... the combination of probability of exposure to a food-borne hazard, the magnitude of hazard in a food when present, and the probability and severity of outcomes that might arise from that level and frequency of exposure. The tool requires the user to select from...

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Impacts of Trawling and Scallop Dredging on Benthic Habitats and C...

By: Svein Lokkeborg

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Until recently, concerns about the sustainable exploitation of marine resources focused mainly on proper management of the fish stocks targeted by directed fisheries. During the last two decades, however, growing concerns have been raised about the impacts on the ecosystem in general (Gislason, 1994). Questions about how towed fishing gears such as trawls and dredges may affect benthic habitats and organisms have attracted a great deal of attention, and conseque...

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Fao-Nutrition Country Profiles Viet Nam

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Summary: In Vietnam the nutritional status of children is poor and this country has the highest malnutrition rate among the countries in the region. The prevalence of underweight among children under 5 years of age is 40%, that of stunting is 36% and that of wasting is 10% according to WHO criteria these rates indicate public health problems (Maps 2, 3 and 4 ). The backward customs in feeding practices and child rearing contribute to child malnutrition.

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National Assessment of Environmental Externalities of Agriculture ...

By: Jose Abel Hernandez, Ph. D.

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: This study presents the positive and negative externalities caused by agricultural and not agricultural activities to natural resources of the Dominican Republic (DR). It describes the current conditions of the natural resources of the DR, mainly the forest resource, the biodiversity, with emphasis in the flora, the fauna and the protected areas, the soil resource, focusing the problems of the erosion and soil salinity, and the water resource, defining the ...

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C4. Fisheries and Long-Term Climate Variability

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: An important source of concern for fishers, fishery scientists and fisheries administrators dealing with most wild fish stocks from the oceans is the high variability of fish abundance and fish catches. This makes even short-term planning a rather difficult task as in those cases not even good statistics describing past and present catches are, by themselves, usable proxies for what could be produced in the years to come. Experience has shown that much more...

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Report of the Tenth Meeting of the Advisory Committee

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The tenth meeting of the Advisory Committee of the project ?Development of Small-Scale Fisheries in the Bay of Bengal? was held in conjunction with the fourth session of the Indian Ocean Fishery Commission?s Committee for the Development and Management of Fisheries in the Bay of Bengal (referred to in brief as the Bay of Bengal Committee or BOBC).

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Connaissances, Attitudes et Pratiques en Matiere de Sante de la Re...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Cette ?tude a ?t? r?alis?e en milieu rural dans les provinces de l?Extr?me Nord, de l?Est, du Sud et du Centre. Il faut relever qu?? l?exception de la province de l?Extr?me Nord o? l??tude a couvert quatre d?partements (Mayo Sava, Mayo Kani, Mayo Tsanaga et Mayo Danay), elle n?a concern? que trois d?partements dans les trois autres provinces. (La L?ki? au Centre, la Mvila au Sud et le Haut Nyong ? l?Est). La pr?sente ?tude porte sur les connaissances, les attitu...

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Third Expert Meeting on Socially and Environmentally Responsible H...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Horticultural Products Group of FAO?s Commodity and trade Division is grateful to the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) and to the I-GO programme of International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) for its financial support to the participation of some experts from developing countries.

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Resume des Statistiques Mondiales sur L'Alimentation et L'Agricult...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La pr?sente publication ?mane d?une demande du Directeur g?n?ral de la FAO visant ? rassembler un large ?ventail de statistiques dans les domaines de l?alimentation et de l?agriculture en indiquant, le cas ?ch?ant, les diff?rences entre pays d?velopp?s et en d?veloppement, entre les continents et entre les r?gions. ? l?origine, les tableaux y aff?rents ont ?t? r?alis?s et r?guli?rement mis ? jour pour l?usage personnel du Directeur g?n?ral. Il a n?anmoins ?t? d?...

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Marine Resources, Their Status of Exploitation and Management in t...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: China is located in East Asia, with marine areas to the east and south. There are 4 main seas from south to north: South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. Of the total sea area of about 4,727,000 km2, South China Sea makes up about 3,500,000 km2, East China Sea 770,000 km2, Yellow Sea 380,000 km2 and Bohai Sea 77,000 km2. The coastline of mainland China is more than 180,000 km long while the continental shelf area is about 374,000 km2 (see Fig...

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Fao/Wfp Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission to Angola

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: An FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission visited Angola from 15 May to 10 June, 2003. The mission?s objective was to assess the 2003 crop production and the cereal import requirements, including food aid, for the 2003/04 marketing year (April-March). The mission was briefed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MINADER), Ministry of Social Assistance and Reintegration (MINARS), and by the FAO and WFP country teams. Field visits were mad...

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Flood Area Predicted by Model

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: A great deal of work remains to be done to refine the model. The primary tasks are to ... Collect more attribute data from the flood plains: land use, soil data, geologic data, and village boundaries ... Refine the DTM by surveying the elevations of the flood plains to a greater degree of accuracy. Elevations should be measured to sub-meter accuracy ... Develop a Backwater Curve Model for the Mekong in order to compute for each reach of the river more precise wa...

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Report of the Expert Consultation on Interactions between Sea Turt...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: At the Twenty-fifth Session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) the question of sea turtles conservation and interactions with fishing operations was raised. The Committee agreed that ?while taking into consideration existing work on sea turtle interactions and conservation, a Technical Consultation should be held in Bangkok, Thailand, in 2004?. The FAO Fisheries Department was asked to organize the Technical Consultation with the following scope ...

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Session II Resources Management

By: Sven Uthicke

Nutrition Reference Publication

Abstract: The holothurian fishery has a long tradition in Australia that began with Macassan fishers. The interactions resulting from the sea cucumber fishery provided the first cultural contact between aboriginal and islander communities and non-Australians. The sea cucumber fishery occurred in a typical ?boom and bust? fashion, with boom cycles several decades apart. The last of these cycles commenced in the mid 1980s and signs of overfishing are now apparent. The main...

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