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Parapsychology (X)

       
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Self-consciousness of noted persons

By: Morrill, Justin Smith, 1810-1898

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Journal of the Society for Psychical Research; Vol. 14

By: Society for Psychical Research (Great Britain); Harry Houdini Collection (Library of Congress)
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Seen and unseen

By: Bates, E. Katherine (Emily Katherine)

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection; Introduction. -Early recollections. -Investigations in America, 1885-1886. -Australia and New Zealand. -Hong Kong, Alaska, and New York....

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Journal of the Society for Psychical Research

By: Society for Psychical Research (Great Britain); Harry Houdini Collection (Library of Congress)

Spanish-American poetry

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Scientific idealism ; or, Matter and force and their relation to life and consciousness

By: Kingsland, William, 1855-1936

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Plos One : Modulation of Functional Eeg Networks by the Nmda Antagonist Nitrous Oxide, Volume 7

By: Angela Sirigu

Description : Parietal networks are hypothesised to play a central role in the cortical information synthesis that supports conscious experience and behavior. Significant reductions in parietal level functional connectivity have been shown to occur during general anesthesia with propofol and a range of other GABAergic general anesthetic agents. Using two analysis approaches (1) a graph theoretic analysis based on surrogate-corrected zero-lag correlations of scalp EEG, and (2) a global coherence analysis based on the EEG cross-spectrum, we reveal that sedation with the NMDA receptor antagonist nitrous oxide (N2O), an agent that has quite different electroencephalographic effects compared to the inductive general anesthetics, also causes significant alterations in parietal level functional networks, as well as changes in full brain and frontal level networks. A total of 20 subjects underwent N2O inhalation at either 20%, 40% or 60% peak N2O/O2 gas concentration levels. N2Oinduced reductions in parietal network level functional connectivity (on the order of 50%) were exclusively detected by utilising a surface Laplacian derivation, sug...

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The survival of man; a study in unrecognized human faculty

By: Lodge, Oliver Joseph, Sir 1851-1940

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Plos One : Comparing Conscious and Unconscious Conflict Adaptation, Volume 7

By: Floris P. De Lange

Description : Recently, researchers have been trying to unravel the function of consciousness by exploring whether unconscious information is (in)capable of exerting cognitive control. Theoretically, cognitive control functions, such as conflict adaptation, have often been assumed to require consciousness. However, empirical evidence on conscious versus unconscious conflict adaptation is highly contradictory and hitherto, only one study reliably demonstrated adaptation to unconscious conflict. Therefore, the current study wanted to shed further light on this debated issue. A masked and unmasked version of the priming paradigm were used to create unconscious and conscious conflict trials (i.e., when prime and target trigger opposite responses). In contrast to previous studies, the Stimulus Onset Asynchrony was kept constant in both conditions and neutral trials were added to the design in order to investigate the origin of the adaptation and to investigate the specific adaptation effects. Our results showed robust conflict adaptation effects following conscious and unconscious conflict. Furthermore, our results suggest that the adapt...

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A Study of Mysticism

By: Peter Heller

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American Universy Library Collection; Senior Project Collection

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Plos One : Preserved Self-awareness Following Extensive Bilateral Brain Damage to the Insula, Anterior Cingulate, and Medial Prefrontal Cortices, Volume 7

By: Yoko Hoshi

Description : It has been proposed that self-awareness (SA), a multifaceted phenomenon central to human consciousness, depends critically on specific brain regions, namely the insular cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Such a proposal predicts that damage to these regions should disrupt or even abolish SA. We tested this prediction in a rare neurological patient with extensive bilateral brain damage encompassing the insula, ACC, mPFC, and the medial temporal lobes. In spite of severe amnesia, which partially affected his ‘‘autobiographical self’’, the patient’s SA remained fundamentally intact. His Core SA, including basic self-recognition and sense of self-agency, was preserved. His Extended SA and Introspective SA were also largely intact, as he has a stable self-concept and intact higher-order metacognitive abilities. The results suggest that the insular cortex, ACC and mPFC are not required for most aspects of SA. Our findings are compatible with the hypothesis that SA is likely to emerge from more distributed interactions among brain networks including those in the brainstem, t...

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A study of consciousness, intelligence and matter

By: Pyburn, George, B. 1831

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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The naturalisation of the supernatural

By: Podmore, Frank, 1856-1910

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; The illustrative narratives quoted in the following pages are selected partly from the Proceedings, but mainly from the unpublished Journal of the Societ...

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Studies in spiritism

By: Tanner, Amy Eliza

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection; Bibliography: p. 406-408

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Plos One : Changes in Effective Connectivity by Propofol Sedation, Volume 8

By: Yu-feng Zang

Description : Mechanisms of propofol-induced loss of consciousness remain poorly understood. Recent fMRI studies have shown decreases in functional connectivity during unconsciousness induced by this anesthetic agent. Functional connectivity does not provide information of directional changes in the dynamics observed during unconsciousness. The aim of the present study was to investigate, in healthy humans during an auditory task, the changes in effective connectivity resulting from propofol induced loss of consciousness. We used Dynamic Causal Modeling for fMRI (fMRI-DCM) to assess how causal connectivity is influenced by the anesthetic agent in the auditory system. Our results suggest that the dynamic observed in the auditory system during unconsciousness induced by propofol, can result in a mixture of two effects : a local inhibitory connectivity increase and a decrease in the effective connectivity in sensory cortices....

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The Religious Life Of Ancient Rome A Study In The Development Of Religious Consciousness From The Foundation Of The City Until The Death Of Gregory The Great

By: Jesse Benedict Carter
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Plos One : Persistence of Cortical Sensory Processing During Absence Seizures in Human and an Animal Model ; Evidence from Eeg and Intracellular Recordings, Volume 8

By: Jean-pierre Mothet

Description : Absence seizures are caused by brief periods of abnormal synchronized oscillations in the thalamocortical loops, resulting in widespread spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) in the electroencephalogram (EEG). SWDs are concomitant with a complete or partial impairment of consciousness, notably expressed by an interruption of ongoing behaviour together with a lack of conscious perception of external stimuli. It is largely considered that the paroxysmal synchronizations during the epileptic episode transiently render the thalamocortical system incapable of transmitting primary sensory information to the cortex. Here, we examined in young patients and in the Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS), a well-established genetic model of absence epilepsy, how sensory inputs are processed in the related cortical areas during SWDs. In epileptic patients, visual event-related potentials (ERPs) were still present in the occipital EEG when the stimuli were delivered during seizures, with a significant increase in amplitude compared to interictal periods and a decrease in latency compared to that measured from non-epilepti...

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The Religious Life Of Ancient Rome A Study In The Development Of Religious Consciousness From The Foundation Of The City Until The Death Of Gregory The Great

By: Jesse Benedict Carter
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Plos One : Multisensory Origin of the Subjective First-person Perspective ; Visual, Tactile, and Vestibular Mechanisms, Volume 8

By: Manos Tsakiris

Description : In three experiments we investigated the effects of visuo-tactile and visuo-vestibular conflict about the direction of gravity on three aspects of bodily self-consciousness : self-identification, self-location, and the experienced direction of the firstperson perspective. Robotic visuo-tactile stimulation was administered to 78 participants in three experiments. Additionally, we presented participants with a virtual body as seen from an elevated and downward-directed perspective while they were lying supine and were therefore receiving vestibular and postural cues about an upward-directed perspective. Under these conditions, we studied the effects of different degrees of visuo-vestibular conflict, repeated measurements during illusion induction, and the relationship to a classical measure of visuo-vestibular integration. Extending earlier findings on experimentally induced changes in bodily self-consciousness, we show that self-identification does not depend on the experienced direction of the first-person perspective, whereas self-location does. Changes in bodily self-consciousness depend on visual gravitational signa...

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The Religious Consciousness A Psychological Study

By: James Bissett Pratt
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Personal Memories, Social, Political, And Literary : With Sketches of Many Noted People, 1803-1843

By: Mansfield, Edward Deering, 1801-1880

American Society for Psychical Research (1906- ) ; Parapsychology ; Section 'B' of the American Institute for Scientific Research.

Imprint varies; Title from cover; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively...

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The reality of psychic phenomena : raps, levitations, etc.

By: Crawford, W. J. (William Jackson), 1880-1920

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Book digitized by Google.; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively...

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Psychics : facts and theories

By: Savage, Minot Judson, 1841-1918

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Plos One : the Associations Between Self-consciousness, Depressive State and Craving to Drink Among Alcohol Dependent Patients Undergoing Protracted Withdrawal, Volume 8

By: Marianna Mazza

Description : During protracted withdrawal, alcohol craving decreased with the same magnitude as depressive mood. Depressive symptoms were related to alcohol craving but only among patients with high trait SC scores. Our results suggest that metacognitive approaches targeting SC could decrease craving and, in turn, prevent future relapses....

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Psychical and supernormal phenomena : their observation and experimentation

By: Joire, Paul, b. 1856; Wright, Dudley, 1868-1949

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Plos One : Association of Knowledge of Hiv and Other Factors with Individuals’ Attitudes Toward Hiv Infection ; a National Cross-sectional Survey Among the Japanese Non-medical Working Population, Volume 8

By: K. Brad Wray

Description : Knowledge neutralizes peoples’ negative attitudes towards HIV infection, whereas greater health consciousness may worsen them. Educational programs should balance knowledge with health consciousness to improve the efficacy of HIV interventions....

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Psychical research monograph, no. 1

By: Stanford University

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Plos One : the Moderated Relationship of Appearance Valence on Appearance Self Consciousness ; Development and Testing of New Measures of Appearance Schema Components, Volume 7

By: Michael J. Proulx

Description : This paper describes the creation and psychometric properties of two independent measures of aspects of appearance schematicity – appearance salience and valence, assessed by the CARSAL and CARVAL, and their relation to appearance selfconsciousness. Five hundred and ninety two participants provided data in a web based task. The results demonstrate the sound psychometric properties of both scales. This was demonstrated by good item total characteristics, good internal reliability of each scale, and the independence of the two scales shown through principal components analysis. Furthermore, the scales show independent and moderated relationships with valid measures of appearance related psychosocial distress. Negatively valenced appearance information was associated with increased appearance selfconsciousness. More crucially, the impact of negative valence on appearance self-consciousness was exacerbated by the moderating effect increased salience of appearance....

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Psychical research and the resurrection

By: Hyslop, James Hervey, 1854-1920

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Researches into the Phenomena of Modern Spiritualism

By: Crookes, William, Sir 1832-1919

Subject: Standard Oil Company

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the University of Michigan ; Reprinted from The Quarterly journal of science' and other publications.

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Psychical research and survival

By: Hyslop, James Hervey, 1854-1920

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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Plos One : Modulation of Self-esteem in Self- and Other-evaluations Primed by Subliminal and Supraliminal Faces, Volume 7

By: Sheng He

Description : Our results provide direct evidence that self-evaluation manifests in different ways as a function of awareness between individuals with different self-views : People high and low in self-esteem may demonstrate different automatic reactions in the subliminal evaluations of the self and others: but the involvement of consciousness with supraliminally presented stimuli may reduce this dissociation....

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Startling Facts in Modern Spiritualism

By: Wolfe, Napoleon Bonaparte

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; Harvard University

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A New Invasion of the South. Being a Narrative of the Expedition of the Seventy-First Infantry, National Guard, Through the Southern States, To New Orleans. February 24-March 7, 1881

By: Cowan, John F. (John Franklin), 1854-1942

Partly reprinted from the Journal of the American society for psychical research, the Metaphysical magazine, and elsewhere. cf. Pref ; ed for preservation ; Rare Annex copy 1: Gift of Henry W. Sage...

Parapsychology ; Parapsychology

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Spirit World and Spirit Life : Automatic Writing

By: Dresser, Charlotte E. (Charlotte Elizabeth), 1875; Rafferty, Fred, B. 1863

Boston Public Library

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Plos One : Attentional Tuning Resets After Failures of Perceptual Awareness, Volume 8

By: Mitchell Valdes-sosa

Description : Key to successfully negotiating our environment is our ability to adapt to current settings based on recent experiences and behaviour. Response conflict paradigms (e.g., the Stroop task) have provided evidence for increases in executive control after errors, leading to slowed responses that are more likely to be correct, and less susceptible to response congruency effects. Here we investigate whether failures of perceptual awareness, rather than failures at decisional or response stages of information processing, lead to similar adjustments in visual attention. We employed an attentional blink task in which subjects often fail to consciously register the second of two targets embedded in a rapid serial visual presentation stream of distractors, and examined how target errors influence performance on subsequent trials. Performance was inferior after Target 2 errors and these inter-trial effects were independent of the temporal lag between the targets and were not due to more global changes in attention across runs of trials. These results shed light on the nature of attentional calibration in response to failures of per...

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The Spirit World

By: Marryat, Florence, 1837-1899

Boston Public Library

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Plos One : Mind Wandering in Chinese Daily Lives – an Experience Sampling Study, Volume 7

By: Frank Krueger

Description : Mind wandering has recently received extensive research because it reveals an important characteristic of our consciousness : conscious experience can arise internally and involuntarily. As the first attempt to examine mind wandering in a non-western population, the present study used experience-sampling method to collect the daily momentary mind wandering episodes in a Chinese sample. The results showed that mind wandering was also a ubiquitous experience among the Chinese population, and, instead of emerging out of nowhere, it was often elicited by external or internal cues. Furthermore, most of the mind wandering episodes involved prospective thinking and were closely related to one’s personal life. Finally, the frequency of mind wandering was influenced by some contextual factors. These results taken together suggest that mind wandering plays an important role in helping people to maintain a continuous feeling of ‘‘self’’ and to prepare them to cope with the upcoming events....

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The Spirit of the Work

By: Richardson, J. E. (John Emmett), 1853-1935; K., T

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; New York Public Library

Foreword signed TK ;

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Researches in the Phenomena of Spiritualism

By: Crookes, William, Sir 1832-1919; Harry Houdini Collection (Library of Congress)

On cover: ... Part I. Spiritualism viewed by the light of modern science, and experimental investigations on psychic force. M RARE copy has cover title: Phenomena of spiritualism ; Subject: Parapsychology; Spiritualism...

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the University of Michigan ; From the Quarterly journal of science, July 1, 1871 ; p. [9] ; Imprint date from BM...

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