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Spiritualism Versus Christianity, Or, Spiritualism Thoroughly Exposed

By: Daniels, J. W; Making of America Project

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries...

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Plos One : Neural Substrates for Judgment of Self-agency in Ambiguous Situations, Volume 8

By: Cristina Becchio

Description : The sense of agency is the attribution of oneself as the cause of one’s own actions and their effects. Accurate agency judgments are essential for adaptive behaviors in dynamic environments, especially in conditions of uncertainty. However, it is unclear how agency judgments are made in ambiguous situations where self-agency and non-self-agency are both possible. Agency attribution is thus thought to require higher-order neurocognitive processes that integrate several possibilities. Furthermore, neural activity specific to self-attribution, as compared with non-self-attribution, may reflect higher-order critical operations that contribute to constructions of self-consciousness. Based on these assumptions, the present study focused on agency judgments under ambiguous conditions and examined the neural correlates of this operation with functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants performed a simple but demanding agency-judgment task, which required them to report on whether they attributed their own action as the cause of a visual stimulus change. The temporal discrepancy between the participant’s action and the v...

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Spiritual Manifestations : A Brief Record of My Own Experiences

By: Cooper, William Earnshaw, Sir 1843-1924

Boston Public Library

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Plos Biology : Exploring the “global Workspace” of Consciousness, Volume 7

By: Richard Robinson
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Spiritual Manifestations

By: Beecher, Charles, 1815-1900

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; New York Public Library

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Section 'B' of the American Institute for Scientific Research.; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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The Spiritual Magazine : Volume 1

By: George Sexton, Ph. D., Ll. D.

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; Oxford University

Serial ; PREMARC/SERLOC merged record ;

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Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases : Fatal Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Adults ; Emphasizing the Evolutionary Pre-fatal Clinical and Laboratory Manifestations, Volume 6

By: Scott B. Halstead

Description : Our report highlights causes of fatality other than DSS in patients with severe dengue, and suggested hypothermia, leukocytosis and bandemia may be warning signs of severe dengue. Clinicians should be alert to the potential development of massive GI bleeding, particularly in patients with early altered consciousness, profound thrombocytopenia, prolonged PT and/or leukocytosis. Antibiotic(s) should be empirically used for patients at risk for bacteremia until it is proven otherwise, especially in those with early altered consciousness and leukocytosis....

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The Spiritual Magazine

By: The Spiritual Magazine Vol. III December 1, 1862

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; Oxford University

Serial ; PREMARC/SERLOC merged record ;

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Do Wild Titi Monkeys Show Empathy? : Volume 1, Issue 1 (28/10/2014)

By: M. C. Kaizer; R. J. Young; R. V. Santos; A. Clyvia; C. Cäsar

Description: Conservation, Ecology and Animal Behaviour Group, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. We observed a putative case of empathy among wild black-fronted titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons) from two different groups (D and R). In over 10 years of behavioural observations of five habituated groups of this species, only low levels of inter-group tolerance have been observed. However, on one day, we encountered the adult male from group D limping (poor hind limb motor coordination) as he travelled alone along the ground. Interestingly, we observed that members of group R did not express any agonistic behaviour towards this neighbouring male and apparently allowed this disabled individual to follow them in the forest for over 5 h. They stayed low in the forest (< 2 m above the ground) and < 10 m horizontally from the individual, and remained in visual contact with him. At the end of the day, this male from group D slept in the sleeping site of group R and was groomed by the adult female of group R. Such tolerance between members of ...

Anzenberger, G., Mendoza, S. P., and Mason, W. A.: Comparative studies of social behavior in Callicebus and Saimiri: behavioral and physiological responses of established pairs to unfamiliar pairs, Am. J. Primatol., 11, 37–51, 1986.; Bates, L. A., Lee, P. C., Njiraini, N., Poole, J. H., Sayialel, K., Sayialel, S., Moss, C. J., and Byrne, R. W.: Do elephants show empathy?, J. Consciousness Stud., 15, 204–225, 2008.; Bartal, I. B. A., Decety, J., and Mason, P.: Empathy and pro-social behavior in rats, Science, 334, 1427–1430, 2011.; Bezerra, B. M., Keasey, M. P., Schiel, N., and Souto, A. S.: Responses towards a dying adult group member in a wild New World monkey, Primates, 55, 185–188, 2014.; Bicca-Marques, J. C., Garber, P. A., and Azevedo-Lopes, M. A. O.: Evidence of three resident adult male group members in a species of monogamous primate, the red titi monkey (Callicebus cupreus), Mammalia, 66, 138–142, 2002.; Bossuyt, F.: Natal dispersal of titi monkeys (Callicebus moloch) at Cocha Cashu, Manu National Park, Peru, Am. J. Phys. Anthropol, 117, 35–59, doi:10....

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Spiritualism, Its Present-Day Meaning: A Symposium

By: Carter, Huntly, Editor

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; The Northern Regional Library Facility, University of California, Berkeley...

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A Day of Fate

By: Edward Payson Roe

Excerpt: BOOK FIRST Chapter 1. AIMLESS STEPS. ?Another month?s work will knock Morton into ?pi,? ?was a remark that caught my ear as I fumed from the composing?room back to my private office. I had just irately blamed a printer for a blunder of my own, and the words I overheard reminded me of the unpleasant truth that I had recently made a great many senseless blunders, over which I chafed in merciless self?condemnation. For weeks and months my mind had been tense under the strain of increasing work and responsibility. It was my nature to become absorbed in my tasks, and, as night editor of a prominent city journal, I found a limitless field for labor. It was true I could have jogged along under the heavy burden with comparatively little wear and loss, but, impelled by both temperament and ambition, I was trying to maintain a racer?s speed. From casual employment as a reporter I had worked my way up to my present position, and the tireless activity and alertness required to win and hold such a place was seemingly degenerating into a nervous restlessness which permitted no repose of mind or rest of body. I worked when other men slept...

Table of Contents: A Day Of Fate, 1 -- E. P. Roe, 1 -- Preface, 2 -- BOOK FIRST, 2 -- Chapter I. AIMLESS STEPS, 2 -- Chapter II. A JUNE DAY?DREAM, 6 -- Chapter III. THE SHINING TIDE, 9 -- Chapter IV. REALITY, 14 -- Chapter V. MUTUAL DISCOVERIES, 20 -- Chapter VI. A QUAKER TEA, 26 -- Chapter VII. A FRIEND, 31 -- Chapter VIII. THE MYSTERY OF MYSTERIES, 35 -- Chapter IX. ?OLD PLOD?, 40 -- Chapter X. A BIT OF EDEN, 44 -- Chapter XI. ?MOVED?, 52 -- Chapter XII. ONE OF NATURE'S TRAGEDIES, 56 -- Chapter XIII. THE LIGHTNING AND A SUBTLER FLAME, 61 -- Chapter XIV. KINDLING A SPARK OF LIFE, 67 -- Chapter XV. MY FATE, 72 -- BOOK SECOND, 76 -- Chapter I. THE DAY AFTER, 76 -- Chapter II. ?IT WAS INEVITABLE?, 85 -- Chapter III. RETURNING CONSCIOUSNESS, 89 -- Chapter IV. IN THE DARK, 91 -- Chapter V. A FLASH OF MEMORY, 98 -- Chapter VI. WEAKNESS, 106 -- Chapter VII. OLD PLOD IDEALIZED, 111 -- Chapter VIII. AN IMPULSE, 115 -- Chapter IX. A WRETCHED FAILURE, 120 -- Chapter X. IN THE DEPTHS, 124 -- Chapter XI. POOR ACTING, 131 -- Chapter XII. THE HOPE OF A HIDDEN TREASURE, 137 -- Chapter XIII. THE OLD MEETING?HOUSE AGAIN, 141 -- Chapter XIV. LOVE TEA...

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Spiritualism : Its Truth, Helpfulness, And Danger

By: Fletcher, James Henry; Harry Houdini Collection (Library of Congress)

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; New York Public Library

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Plos One : ‘‘do Octopuses Have a Brain’’ Knowledge, Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Neuroscience at School, Volume 7

By: Frank Krueger

Description : The present study contributes to the question of school literacy about the brain, with an original survey conducted on Italian students from the 3rd to 10th grades (n = 508). The main goal was to test student’s knowledge, attitudes, and interests about neuroscience, to assess needs, prospects, and difficulties in teaching about the brain from elementary to high school. A written questionnaire, maintaining anonymity, asked 12 close-ended multiple choice questions on topics related to human and animal brains, plus one facultative open-ended question about interests and curiosities on brain topics. The results show that respondents have a fragmentary level of basic knowledge about the brain, with aspects related to brain functions and consciousness the most challenging. As expected, degrees of performance improve with school level: elementary school students answered correctly an average number of 5.3 questions, middle school 6.5, and high school 7.4. Overall, students show great interest in the brain, as shown by the large number of questions gathered through the openended question (n = 384). Other topics are addressed, ...

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Spiritualism; Its Present-Day Meaning; A Symposium

By: Carter, Huntly

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; Harvard University

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Plos Biology : Ongoing Spontaneous Activity Controls Access to Consciousness ; a Neuronal Model for Inattentional Blindness, Volume 3

By: Larry Abbott

Description : Even in the absence of sensory inputs, cortical and thalamic neurons can show structured patterns of ongoing spontaneous activity, whose origins and functional significance are not well understood. We use computer simulations to explore the conditions under which spontaneous activity emerges from a simplified model of multiple interconnected thalamocortical columns linked by long-range, top-down excitatory axons, and to examine its interactions with stimulus-induced activation. Simulations help characterize two main states of activity. First, spontaneous gamma-band oscillations emerge at a precise threshold controlled by ascending neuromodulator systems. Second, within a spontaneously active network, we observe the sudden ‘‘ignition’’ of one out of many possible coherent states of high-level activity amidst cortical neurons with long-distance projections. During such an ignited state, spontaneous activity can block external sensory processing. We relate those properties to experimental observations on the neural bases of endogenous states of consciousness, and particularly the blocking of access to consciousness that o...

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Spiritualism Exposed

By: Fawkes, F. Attfield

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; The Northern Regional Library Facility, University of California, Berkeley...

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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Spiritualism : A Personal Experience and a Warning

By: Kernahan, Coulson, 1858-1943

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; University of Michigan

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Section 'B' of the American Institute for Scientific Research.; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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Spiritualism : A Personal Experience and a Warning

By: Kernahan, Coulson, 1858-1943

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; New York Public Library

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Plos One : Genuine and Spurious Phase Synchronization Strengths During Consciousness and General Anesthesia, Volume 7

By: Lawrence M. Ward

Description : Spectral content in a physiological dataset of finite size has the potential to produce spurious measures of coherence. This is especially true for electroencephalography (EEG) during general anesthesia because of the significant alteration of the power spectrum. In this study we quantitatively evaluated the genuine and spurious phase synchronization strength (PSS) of EEG during consciousness, general anesthesia, and recovery. A computational approach based on the randomized data method was used for evaluating genuine and spurious PSS. The validity of the method was tested with a simulated dataset. We applied this method to the EEG of normal subjects undergoing general anesthesia and investigated the finite size effects of EEG references, data length and spectral content on phase synchronization. The most influential factor for genuine PSS was the type of EEG reference: the most influential factor for spurious PSS was the spectral content. Genuine and spurious PSS showed characteristic temporal patterns for each frequency band across consciousness and anesthesia. Simultaneous measurement of both genuine and spurious PS...

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Spiritualism and Necromancy

By: Morrison, A. B

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; Harvard University

Introduction signed: Benj. St. James Fry ;

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Plos One : Vegetative Versus Minimally Conscious States ; a Study Using Tms-eeg, Sensory and Event-related Potentials, Volume 8

By: Esteban Andres Fridman

Description : Differential diagnoses between vegetative and minimally conscious states (VS and MCS, respectively) are frequently incorrect. Hence, further research is necessary to improve the diagnostic accuracy at the bedside. The main neuropathological feature of VS is the diffuse damage of cortical and subcortical connections. Starting with this premise, we used electroencephalography (EEG) recordings to evaluate the cortical reactivity and effective connectivity during transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in chronic VS or MCS patients. Moreover, the TMS-EEG data were compared with the results from standard somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) and event-related potentials (ERPs). Thirteen patients with chronic consciousness disorders were examined at their bedsides. A group of healthy volunteers served as the control group. The amplitudes (reactivity) and scalp distributions (connectivity) of the cortical potentials evoked by TMS (TEPs) of the primary motor cortex were measured. Short-latency median nerve SEPs and auditory ERPs were also recorded. Reproducible TEPs were present in all control subjects in both the ipsilateral...

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Spiritual Fragments

By: Owen, James J., B. 1827

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; The Northern Regional Library Facility, University of California, Berkeley...

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research; Volume: 7 (1913)

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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Spirit Teachings

By: Moses, William Stainton, 1840-1892

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; Southern Regional Storage Facility...

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Plos One : Dolphins Can Maintain Vigilant Behavior Through Echolocation for 15 Days Without Interruption or Cognitive Impairment, Volume 7

By: Brock Fenton

Description : In dolphins, natural selection has developed unihemispheric sleep where alternating hemispheres of their brain stay awake. This allows dolphins to maintain consciousness in response to respiratory demands of the ocean. Unihemispheric sleep may also allow dolphins to maintain vigilant states over long periods of time. Because of the relatively poor visibility in the ocean, dolphins use echolocation to interrogate their environment. During echolocation, dolphin produce clicks and listen to returning echoes to determine the location and identity of objects. The extent to which individual dolphins are able to maintain continuous vigilance through this active sense is unknown. Here we show that dolphins may continuously echolocate and accurately report the presence of targets for at least 15 days without interruption. During a total of three sessions, each lasting five days, two dolphins maintained echolocation behaviors while successfully detecting and reporting targets. Overall performance was between 75 to 86% correct for one dolphin and 97 to 99% correct for a second dolphin. Both animals demonstrated diel patterns in e...

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Spirit Slate Writing and Kindred Phenomena

By: Robinson, William E., Prestidigitateur

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; Harvard University

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Plos One : Attention and the Speed of Information Processing ; Posterior Entry for Unattended Stimuli Instead of Prior Entry for Attended Stimuli, Volume 7

By: Elkan Akyürek

Description : Why are nearly simultaneous stimuli frequently perceived in reversed order? The origin of errors in temporal judgments is a question older than experimental psychology itself. One of the earliest suspects is attention. According to the concept of prior entry, attention accelerates attended stimuli: thus they have ‘‘prior entry’’ to perceptive processing stages, including consciousness. Although latency advantages for attended stimuli have been revealed in psychophysical studies many times, these measures (e.g. temporal order judgments, simultaneity judgments) cannot test the prior-entry hypothesis completely. Since they assess latency differences between an attended and an unattended stimulus, they cannot distinguish between faster processing of attended stimuli and slower processing of unattended stimuli. Therefore, we present a novel paradigm providing separate estimates for processing advantages respectively disadvantages of attended and unattended stimuli. We found that deceleration of unattended stimuli contributes more strongly to the prior-entry illusion than acceleration of attended stimuli. Thus, in the tempor...

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The Spirit Portrait Mystery, Its Final Solution

By: Abbott, David Phelps, 1863-1934

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; The Northern Regional Library Facility, University of California, Berkeley...

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Researches in the phenomena of spiritualism

By: Crookes, William, Sir, 1832-1919; Harry Houdini Collection (Library of Congress) DLC

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Cover title: .. Part I. Spiritualism viewed by the light of modern science, and experimental investigations on psychic force. M RARE copy has cover title: Phenomena of spiritualism.; From the Quarterly journal of science, July 1, 1871: p. [9]; Imprint date from BM BM...

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The Spirit of the Work

By: Richardson, J. E. (John Emmett), 1853-1935; K., T

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; The Northern Regional Library Facility, University of California, Berkeley...

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research; Volume: 1

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Section 'B' of the American Institute for Scientific Research.; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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Spirit and Matter before the Bar of Modern Science

By: Heysinger, Isaac Winter, 1842-1917

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; The Northern Regional Library Facility, University of California, Berkeley...

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Plos Biology : Functional Brain Imaging in the Clinical Assessment of Consciousness, Volume 8

By: Leslie Ungerleider
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Spirit and Matter before the Bar of Modern Science

By: Heysinger, Isaac Winter, 1842-1917

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the MSN Live Books ; University of California, California Digital Library Collection ; University of California Libraries ; Southern Regional Storage Facility...

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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Spirit Life; Or, Do We Die

By: Eaton, William Dunseath

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; University of Michigan

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Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research

By: American Society for Psychical Research

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Imprint varies; Title from cover; Vols. 20-21 form a combined volume issued in two parts with continuous paging, published 1928, and 1933 respectively; SERBIB/SERLOC merged record; In 1926 the society decided to discontinue the regular publication of its Proceedings and to enlarge its journal. The Proceedings continued, therefore, only for material unsuited to the journal, the volumes appearing at irregular intervals...

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