World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

National Negro Committee

 

National Negro Committee

The National Negro Committee (formed: New York City, May 31 and June 1, 1909 - ceased: New York City, May 12, 1910) was created in response to the Springfield Race Riot of 1908, in Springfield, Ohio. Prominent black activists and white progressives called for a national conference to discuss African American civil rights. The group of activists met in order to address the social, economic, and political rights of African-Americans. This gathering served as the processor to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People which received its name during the second meeting in May 1910. [1]


Origins

On September 3, 1908, Mary White Ovington read an article written by socialist William English Walling entitled "Race War in the North" in The Independent. Walling described a massive race riot directed at black residents in the hometown of Abraham Lincoln, Springfield, Illinois that led to seven deaths, 40 homes and 24 businesses destroyed, and 107 indictments against rioters. Walling ended the article by calling for a powerful body of citizens to come to aid blacks. Ovington responded to the article by writing Walling and meeting at his apartment in New York City along with social worker Dr. Henry Moskowitz.

The group decided to launch a campaign by issuing a "call" for a national conference on the civil and political rights of African-Americans on the centennial of Lincoln’s birthday, February 12, 1909. Many responded to the “call” that eventually led to the formation of the National Negro Committee that held its first meeting in New York on May 31 and June 1, 1909.

By May 1910, the National Negro Committee and attendants, at its second conference, organized a permanent body known as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

National Negro Committee Membership on June 1, 1909

Rev. Walter Henderson Brooks, John Dewey, Paul Kennaday, Jacob W. Mack, M. D. Maclean, Dr. Henry Moskowitz, John Elmer Milholland, Leonora O'Reilly, Charles Edward Russell, Edwin R. A. Seligman, Rev. Joseph Silverman, Oswald G. Villard, Lillian D. Wald, William English Walling, Bishop Alexander Walters, Dr. Stephen S. Wise, Mary W. Ovington, Dr. Owen Meredith Waller, Rev. John Haynes Holmes, William Lewis Bulkley, Maria Baldwin, Archibald H. Grimke, Albert E. Pillsbury, Moorfield Storey, Charles Franklin Thwing, William S. Scarborough, Jane Addams, Ida Wells-Barnett, Dr. Charles Edward Bentley, Celia Parker Woolley, Dr. William Albert Sinclair, Susan Wharton, Richard Robert Wright, Lafayette Mckeen Hershaw, Judge Wendell Philips Stafford, Mary Church Terrell, Rev. John Milton Waldron, W. E. B. Du Bois, Leslie Pinckney Hill

References

  1. ^ White, Deborah (2012). Freedom On My Mind. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin. p. 463.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.