World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Abkhazian Railway

Article Id: WHEBN0047541278
Reproduction Date:

Title: Abkhazian Railway  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gagra Railway station, Sukhumi Railway station, Abkhazian railway, Abkhazia, Human rights in Abkhazia
Collection: Rail Transport in Abkhazia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Abkhazian Railway

Abkhazian railway
საქართველოს რკინიგზის აფხაზეთის მონაკვეთი
Абхазская железная дорога
Map of Abkhazia with railway lines.
Sukhumi Railway station — the biggest in Abkhazia.
Locale Georgia)
Dates of operation 1992–present
Predecessor USSR)
Track gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)
Headquarters Sukhumi
Website Press here

Abkhazian railway is a rail operator in the partially recognised state of Abkhazia, controlled by Russian Railways.


  • Main information 1
  • History 2
  • Photos 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Main information

Consists of a 101 km (63 mi) rail line along the War in Abkhazia. The railway is administered by the Abkhazskaya Zheleznaya Doroga (Russian: Абхазская Железная Дорога, Abkhaz: Аҧсны Аиҳаамҩа) company.

As of 2015, there is a daily long distance line between Sukhumi and Moscow, and some elektrichkas between Adler and Sukhumi.


After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and damaging of the Transcaucasian Railway lines, the Samtredskoye part to the west of the Inguri River came under control of the Abkhazian railway.

The bridge over the

  1. ^ Abkhazia is de-jure part of Georgia, but de-facto not under Georgian control.
  2. ^ АБХАЗСКАЯ ЖЕЛЕЗНАЯ ДОРОГА: общие сведения, (Russian)
  4. ^ Официальный визит Председателя Парламента Грузии Нино Бурджанадзе в Российскую Федерацию, (Russian)
  5. ^ Прекращено движение поезда Сухум - Гудаута, 8.1.2008
  6. ^ Don-Prigorod news, 30.06.2010
  7. ^ (Russian) В Абхазии наблюдается тенденция роста антироссийских настроений: интервью лидера партии ЭРА Беслана Бутбы. Regnum, 22.5.2009
  8. ^ (Russian) Это часть нашей стратегии по деизоляции Абхазии 02.11.2012
  9. ^ Opening the Abkhaz railway: Who stands to benefit, who will lose out? (1) 23.01.2013
  10. ^ Opening the Abkhaz railway: Who stands to benefit, who will lose out? (2) 29.01.2013
  11. ^ Abkhazia: Once again about the rail road 29.11.2012
  12. ^ Azerbaijan's contribution to the isolation of Abkhazia 22.01.2013
  13. ^ Russian railway in Caucasus a threat to Baku-Tbilisi-Ankara initiated projects 27.03.2013
  14. ^ Georgia's PM: South Caucasus Railway can be reopened 02.03.2013
  15. ^

External links

  • Абхазская Железная Дорога (Abkhazian railway) (Russian)
  • История абхазской железной дороги (History of the Abkhazian railway) (Russian)



Currently there is only one train connection from the Russian Federation to Abkhazia. The train from Moscow to Sukhumi operates daily at the high touristic season in summer and twice a week at the low season. The additional trains from Belgorod and St. Petersburg operate during the touristic season in summer.[15]

[14][13] In late 2012 and early 2013 the new

On 15 May 2009 the President of Abkhazia, Sergey Bagapsh, announced that Abkhazia's railway and airport would be transferred to Russia with management rights for ten years, a decision which caused a negative outcry in Abkhazia. According to the Abkhaz tycoon and opposition party leader, Beslan Butba, this has led to growing anti-Russian sentiment in Abkhazia.[7]

There have been proposals to restore destroyed parts of the railway and re-establish rail traffic between Russia and the Trans-Caucasian countries of Armenia and Georgia. The alternative route through Azerbaijan is significantly longer and not available at all, in the case of Armenia, due to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Georgia has long tied the restoration of rail traffic with the return of refugees to Abkhazia.

The Ochamchira-Sukhumi, Sochi-Sukhumi and Tkvarcheli-Sukhumi elektrichkas, that had operated at various times from 1993, no longer operated by 2007 due to various infrastructure problems. The last of the elektrichka, Gudauta-Sukhumi, was closed down on the end of 2007.[5] The Adler-Gagra train service was resumed on 26 June 2010 by the Don-Prigorod company.[6]

section was mainly repaired by Russia in 2004 and on 10 September 2004 the Moscow-Sukhumi train first arrived in the capital of Abkhazia. Sukhumi-Psou As the number of Russian tourists greatly increased in the 2000s, the [4] On 25 December 2002 the

The track between Achigvara and the Inguri River was dismantled. The rest of the railway line also suffered greatly during the war. After the war ended, traffic was restored along the line. The railway system of Abkhazia was isolated in the 1990s, due to the blockade imposed by Russia.

The bridge was subsequently restored but blown up again in 1993, after the end of the war. [3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.