Flycatcher-shrike

Flycatcher-shrikes
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (H. hirundinaceus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Campephagidae (but see text)
Genus: Hemipus
Hodgson, 1844
Species

The flycatcher-shrikes are two species of small Asian passerine bird belonging to the genus Hemipus. They are traditionally placed in the cuckoo-shrike family, Campephagidae. It now appears that they, along with the woodshrikes and philentomas, are more closely related to the helmetshrikes, Prionopidae, and vangas, Vangidae.[1]

Description

They are 12.5 to 14.5 cm (4.9 to 5.7 in) in length.[2] They are slender birds with fairly long wings and tails. The bill and feet are black.[3] The plumage is dark above and pale below with white on the rump. The Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike has a large white patch on the wing which the Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike lacks.[2]

Distribution and range

They are found in broad-leaved forest, forest edge and secondary forest in southern Asia. Both species have large ranges and are not considered to be threatened. The Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike occurs in the Indian Subcontinent, south-west China, mainland South-east Asia and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.[2] The Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike is found in the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali.[3]

Behaviour

They forage actively in the forest canopy for insects. They are often found in groups and frequently join mixed-species foraging flocks.[3] They will also catch insects in flight.[4]

The nest is cup-shaped and built on a tree branch. Two or three eggs are laid; they are greenish or pinkish with darker markings.[2] Both parents are involved in building the nest, incubating the eggs and rearing the young.[4]

Species list

See also

The two shrike-flycatcher species of Africa are also occasionally known as flycatcher-shrikes:

References

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