World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

National Board of Review

The National Board of Review
Official logo of the NBR
Abbreviation NBR
Formation 1909
Type Film Organization
Headquarters New York, New York, U.S.
  • 40 West 37th Street, Suite 501
    New York, New York 10018

The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in famed Civil War general) believed that the new medium degraded the morals of community. To assert their constitutional freedom of expression, theatre owners led by Marcus Loew and film distributors (Edison, Biograph, Pathé and Gaumont) joined John Collier of The People's Institute at Cooper Union and established the New York Board of Motion Picture Censorship, which soon changed its name to the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures to avoid the taint of the word "censorship".

Its stated purpose was to endorse films of merit and champion the new "art of the people", which was transforming America's cultural life. In an effort to avoid government censorship of films, the National Board became the unofficial clearinghouse for new movies. From 1916 into the 1950s thousands of motion pictures carried the legend "Passed by the National Board of Review" in their main titles. However, the Board was a

  • Official website

External links

  1. ^ Robert Sklar, Movie-Made America: A Cultural History of American Movies. New York: Vintage, 1975 (1994 edition), p. 31
  2. ^ "SCREEN MAGAZINE BOWS; Films in Review, Published by National Board, Out Today".  
  3. ^ 1987 National Board of Review Best Juvenile Performance Empire of the Sun Chistain Bale


Note: Until 1945, there were only awards for Best Picture and intermittent awards for Best Documentary and Best Foreign Film.

Award categories

The boards's official magazine had existed in several forms and different names since it inception. In 1950 the magazine changed its name from Screen Magazine, and launched the first issue as Films in Review on February 1, 1950.[2]

Films in Review


  • Films in Review 1
  • Award categories 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The Awards for the year 2014 were announced on 2 December 2014.

The organization also works to foster commentary on all aspects of film production by underwriting educational film programs and seminars for film students. In 2013, the NBR reached out to the community through the Children's Aid Society, Reel Works Teen Filmmaking, The Ghetto Film School and the Educational Video Center through grants and provided available seats at G, PG, and PG-13 screenings. The organization also awarded grants to twenty student filmmakers as part of its annual Student Grant Program.

To determine the NBR's annual awards, ballots are sent in by over one hundred members — select knowledgeable film enthusiasts, academics, filmmakers, and students in the New York metropolitan area — and subsequently tabulated by a certified public accountancy firm in order to decide the winners. In addition, the Awards Jury helps to determine the special achievement awards presented at the annual gala in January.

In 1930, the NBR was the first group to choose the ten best English-language movies of the year and the best foreign films, and is still the first critical body to announce its annual awards. The NBR has also gained international acclaim for its publications: Film Program (1917–1926); Exceptional Photoplays (1920–1925); Photoplay Guide to Better Movies (1924–1926); National Board of Review Magazine (1926–1942); New Movies (1942–1949); and Films in Review, which published its first issue in 1950. Influencing generations of filmmakers and film lovers, these journals have fostered commentary on all aspects of cinema production and history, counting among contributors Alfred Hitchcock, Fritz Lang, Harold Robbins, Tennessee Williams, Dore Schary, William Saroyan, James Agee, Manny Farber, William K. Everson, Alistair Cooke, and Pearl Buck.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.