World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Abdali Sultanate

Article Id: WHEBN0003906737
Reproduction Date:

Title: Abdali Sultanate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Abdali
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Abdali Sultanate

Template:Infobox former country/autocat
Sultanate of Lahej
سلطنة لحج
1728–1839[1]
 

Flag

Map of the Federation of South Arabia, with Lahej at bottom left
Capital Al-Hawtah
Religion Shia Islam
Government Sultanate
Historical era Aden Protectorate
 -  Established 1728
 -  Disestablished 1839[1]

Lahej (Arabic: لحج Laḥij), the Sultanate of Lahej (Arabic: سلطنة لحج Salṭanat Laḥij), or, sometimes, the Abdali Sultanate (Arabic: سلطنة العبدلي Salṭanat al-ʿAbdalī), was a Zaydi state in Yemen. Its capital was Lahij.

History

Lahej was sultanate of the Abdali dynasty under the suzerainty of the Zaidi imams of Yemen. In 1728 the Abdali threw off the Zaidi rule and became independent.[2]

After losing their independence, due to a Royal Navy attack in 1839, British signed several treaties with the 'Abdali.[1] The sultanate was one of the original "Nine Cantons" that signed protection agreements with Great Britain in the late 19th century and later became part of the Aden Protectorate. During World War I, the Turks maintained control.[1] From 1919 the Sultanate included the area of Subeihi. Lahej typically enjoyed good relations with the British despite the accidental killing of Sultan Fadhl ibn Ali al Abdali by British troops in 1918 who mistook him for an enemy Ottoman Turk soldier. In 1948, the Subayhi tribal area was absorbed into their sultanate.[1] However, in 1958, Britain was worried that the sultan at the time, Ali bin Abd al Karim al Abdali, an Arab nationalist, would refuse to join the British-sponsored Federation of Arab Emirates of the South and had him deposed. Lahej ended up joining the Federation and later the Federation of South Arabia in 1963. However, Lahej was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen and is now part of the Republic of Yemen.[1]

Economy

As of 1920, the region was producing salt via salt mines owned by the Turkish government.[3]

Coordinates: 13°06′00″N 45°28′00″E / 13.1°N 45.4667°E / 13.1; 45.4667

Sources

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.