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Abdali Sultanate

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Title: Abdali Sultanate  
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Abdali Sultanate

Template:Infobox former country/autocat
Sultanate of Lahej
سلطنة لحج


Map of the Federation of South Arabia, with Lahej at bottom left
Capital Al-Hawtah
Religion Shia Islam
Government Sultanate
Historical era Aden Protectorate
 -  Established 1728
 -  Disestablished 1839[1]

Lahej (Arabic: لحج Laḥij), the Sultanate of Lahej (Arabic: سلطنة لحج Salṭanat Laḥij), or, sometimes, the Abdali Sultanate (Arabic: سلطنة العبدلي Salṭanat al-ʿAbdalī), was a Zaydi state in Yemen. Its capital was Lahij.


Lahej was sultanate of the Abdali dynasty under the suzerainty of the Zaidi imams of Yemen. In 1728 the Abdali threw off the Zaidi rule and became independent.[2]

After losing their independence, due to a Royal Navy attack in 1839, British signed several treaties with the 'Abdali.[1] The sultanate was one of the original "Nine Cantons" that signed protection agreements with Great Britain in the late 19th century and later became part of the Aden Protectorate. During World War I, the Turks maintained control.[1] From 1919 the Sultanate included the area of Subeihi. Lahej typically enjoyed good relations with the British despite the accidental killing of Sultan Fadhl ibn Ali al Abdali by British troops in 1918 who mistook him for an enemy Ottoman Turk soldier. In 1948, the Subayhi tribal area was absorbed into their sultanate.[1] However, in 1958, Britain was worried that the sultan at the time, Ali bin Abd al Karim al Abdali, an Arab nationalist, would refuse to join the British-sponsored Federation of Arab Emirates of the South and had him deposed. Lahej ended up joining the Federation and later the Federation of South Arabia in 1963. However, Lahej was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen and is now part of the Republic of Yemen.[1]


As of 1920, the region was producing salt via salt mines owned by the Turkish government.[3]

Coordinates: 13°06′00″N 45°28′00″E / 13.1°N 45.4667°E / 13.1; 45.4667


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