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Black Knight (Arthurian legend)

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Title: Black Knight (Arthurian legend)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Red Knight, Gareth, Camelot (The Goodies), Laudine, King Arthur's family
Collection: Arthurian Characters, Fictional Knights
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Black Knight (Arthurian legend)

The Black Knight appears in various forms in Arthurian legend.

In Sir Perceval of Galles (written in the early-14th Century), the Black Knight jealously tied his wife to a tree after hearing she had exchanged rings with Perceval. Perceval defeated the black knight and explained that it was an innocent exchange.

A supernatural Black Knight is summoned by Sir Calogrenant (Cynon ap Clydno in Welsh mythology) in the tale of Yvain, the Knight of the Lion. The Black Knight bests Calogrenant, but the Black Knight is later killed by Ywain (Owain mab Urien) when he attempts to complete the quest that Calogrenant failed.[1]

A black knight is the son of Tom a'Lincoln and Anglitora (the daughter of Prester John) in Richard Johnson's Arthurian romance, Tom a'Lincoln. Through Tom, he is a grandson of King Arthur's, though his proper name is never given. He killed his mother after hearing from his father's ghost that she had murdered him. He later joined the Faerie Knight, his half-brother, in adventures.

A black knight is also mentioned La Morte D'Arthur: The Tale of Sir Gareth (book 4) as having been killed by Gareth when he was traveling to rescue Lyonesse.

Contents

  • In popular culture 1
    • Film 1.1
    • Games 1.2
    • Literature 1.3
  • References 2
  • See also 3

In popular culture

Film

  • In the film The Black Knight (1954), Alan Ladd plays a character whose alter-ego is the Knight, who defends Camelot and King Arthur against a plot to bring down the kingdom.

Games

  • In the video game Dark Souls (2011), Black Knights are featured as enemies.
  • In the MMORPG series
  • In the video game Shovel Knight (2014), Black Knight is the rival of the title character.

Literature

  • In Edmund Spenser's epic poem The Faerie Queene, Prince Arthur kills a giant, black-clad knight, named Orgoglio (Pride), after first severing his arms and legs.
  • In Elly Griffiths' fifth Ruth Galloway novel, A Dying Fall (2012), an archaeologist discovers King Arthur's remains, and DNA analysis confirms what the skull's characteristics imply: the knight was black (specifically, of North African lineage), setting off a mysterious and dangerous chain of events.

References

  1. ^ Cotterell, Arthur; Storm, Rachel (1999). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology. Hermes House. p. 161.  

See also

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