Dusadh

The Dusadh or Paswan is a Hindu community generally found in the states of Northern India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand and Delhi) and few parts of Eastern India (Jharkhand, West Bengal)[1] and Nepal which is the neighbor county to India. It is assumption by some foreign authors like William Crooke who considered Dusadh as backward community and merged other Hindu community with Dusadh without any proper evidences.

Etymology

Etymology of the term "Dusadh" is contradictory, however, a synonym used instead of Dusadh is Paswan, which is derived from Persian word "Pasban" meaning Sentinels or Defenders,because of bravery and courage these peoples were mostly engaged in "Chaukidaari" (Village Watchmen).

History and origin

The History of Dusadh is still unknown and undiscovered. But , the Dusadh claims descent from Duhsâsana, or in other stories from Bhîmsen, or from Salhes of the Loric cycle. Those Dusadh living in the hills at the end of the 19th century referred to as Khasiya Rajput.[2]

Distribution

The population of this caste in Uttar Pradesh is 3-5%, and Dusadhs are the second largest Hindu community of undivided Bihar. They are also found in bordering areas of West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh with Bihar.

Genetics

In recent studies, it has been proved that these peoples have higher frequency of Haplogroup R1a (more than 40%) which is very high as compared to rest of north Indian population (only North Indian Brahmins shows an average of almost 60%and Pathans at 40%) which shows they have higher affinity with other high caste North Indian Brahmins, Central Asians and Eastern Europeans[3]

Present circumstances

The community has a traditional caste council, and each village sends representatives to the caste council. The council deals with issues of divorce, adultery, theft and disputes within the community. The Akhil Bhartiya Dusadh Kalyan Parishad is working for development of this caste.

Notables

References

Meghnath Manjhi

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.