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AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies

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Subject: The Birth of a Nation, Dr. Strangelove, Howard Hawks, Raging Bull, Sam Peckinpah, Midnight Cowboy, The Best Years of Our Lives, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Billy Wilder, Casablanca (film)
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AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies

AFI 100 Years... series
1998 100 Movies
1999 100 Stars
2000 100 Laughs
2001 100 Thrills
2002 100 Passions
2003 100 Heroes & Villains
2004 100 Songs
2005 100 Movie Quotes
2005 25 Scores
2006 100 Cheers
2006 25 Musicals
2007 100 Movies (Updated)
2008 AFI's 10 Top 10

The first of the AFI 100 Years… series of cinematic milestones, AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies is a list of the 100 best American movies, as determined by the American Film Institute from a poll of more than 1,500 artists and leaders in the film industry who chose from a list of 400 nominated movies. The 100-best list was unveiled in 1998.

Presentation Broadcast

A 145-minute presentation of the 100 films aired on CBS. A 460-minute version aired as a 10-part series on TNT, hosted by Jodie Foster, Richard Gere, Sally Field and narrated by James Woods. An updated version of the list, billed as a 10th Anniversary edition, aired on CBS on June 20, 2007, and was hosted by Morgan Freeman. The AFI website notes that, "Due to licensing restrictions, the telecasts of the AFI 100 Years...100 Series are not available for distribution or purchase on DVD or VHS." [1]

Criteria

Films were judged according to the following criteria.

  1. Feature length: Narrative format, at least 40 minutes long.
  2. American film: English language, with significant creative and/or financial production elements from the United States. (Certain films, notably The Bridge on the River Kwai, 2001: A Space Odyssey and Lawrence of Arabia, were British-made but funded and distributed by American studios.)
  3. Critical recognition: Formal commendation in print.
  4. Major award winner: Recognition from competitive events including awards from organizations in the film community and major film festivals.
  5. Popularity over time: Including figures for box office adjusted for inflation, television broadcasts and syndication, and home video sales and rentals.
  6. Historical significance: A film's mark on the history of the moving image through technical innovation, visionary narrative devices or other groundbreaking achievements.
  7. Cultural impact: A film's mark on American society in matters of style and substance.

List

Film Release year 1998 rank 2007 rank Change
Citizen Kane 1941 1 1 0
Casablanca 1942 2 3 1
The Godfather 1972 3 2 1
Gone with the Wind 1939 4 6 2
Lawrence of Arabia 1962 5 7 2
The Wizard of Oz 1939 6 10 4
The Graduate 1967 7 17 10
On the Waterfront 1954 8 19 11
Schindler's List 1993 9 8 1
Singin' in the Rain 1952 10 5 5
It's a Wonderful Life 1946 11 20 9
Sunset Boulevard 1950 12 16 4
The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957 13 36 23
Some Like It Hot 1959 14 22 8
Star Wars 1977 15 13 2
All About Eve 1950 16 28 12
The African Queen 1951 17 65 48
Psycho 1960 18 14 4
The General 1926 18
Chinatown 1974 19 21 2
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 1975 20 33 13
The Grapes of Wrath 1940 21 23 2
2001: A Space Odyssey 1968 22 15 7
The Maltese Falcon 1941 23 31 8
Raging Bull 1980 24 4 20
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 1982 25 24 1
Dr. Strangelove 1964 26 39 13
Bonnie and Clyde 1967 27 42 15
Apocalypse Now 1979 28 30 2
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939 29 26 3
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 1948 30 38 8
Annie Hall 1977 31 35 4
The Godfather Part II 1974 32 32 0
High Noon 1952 33 27 6
To Kill a Mockingbird 1962 34 25 9
It Happened One Night 1934 35 46 11
Midnight Cowboy 1969 36 43 7
The Best Years of Our Lives 1946 37 37 0
Double Indemnity 1944 38 29 9
Doctor Zhivago 1965 39
North by Northwest 1959 40 55 15
West Side Story 1961 41 51 10
Rear Window 1954 42 48 6
King Kong 1933 43 41 2
The Birth of a Nation 1915 44
A Streetcar Named Desire 1951 45 47 2
A Clockwork Orange 1971 46 70 24
Taxi Driver 1976 47 52 5
Jaws 1975 48 56 8
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs 1937 49 34 15
Intolerance 1916 49
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969 50 73 23
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring 2001 50
The Philadelphia Story 1940 51 44 7
From Here to Eternity 1953 52
Amadeus 1984 53
All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 54
The Sound of Music 1965 55 40 15
MASH 1970 56 54 2
The Third Man 1949 57
Fantasia 1940 58
Rebel Without a Cause 1955 59
Nashville 1975 59
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1981 60 66 6
Vertigo 1958 61 9 52
Sullivan's Travels 1941 61
Tootsie 1982 62 69 7
Stagecoach 1939 63
Cabaret 1972 63
Close Encounters of the Third Kind 1977 64
The Silence of the Lambs 1991 65 74 9
Network 1976 66 64 2
The Manchurian Candidate 1962 67
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1966 67
An American in Paris 1951 68
Shane 1953 69 45 24
The French Connection 1971 70 93 23
Forrest Gump 1994 71 76 5
Saving Private Ryan 1998 71
Ben-Hur 1959 72 100 28
The Shawshank Redemption 1994 72
Wuthering Heights 1939 73
The Gold Rush 1925 74 58 16
Dances with Wolves 1990 75
In the Heat of the Night 1967 75
City Lights 1931 76 11 65
American Graffiti 1973 77 62 15
All the President's Men 1976 77
Rocky 1976 78 57 21
The Deer Hunter 1978 79 53 26
The Wild Bunch 1969 80 79 1
Modern Times 1936 81 78 3
Spartacus 1960 81
Giant 1956 82
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans 1927 82
Platoon 1986 83 86 3
Titanic 1997 83
Fargo 1996 84
Duck Soup 1933 85 60 25
A Night at the Opera 1935 85
Mutiny on the Bounty 1935 86
Frankenstein 1931 87
12 Angry Men 1957 87
Easy Rider 1969 88 84 4
Patton 1970 89
The Sixth Sense 1999 89
The Jazz Singer 1927 90
Swing Time 1936 90
My Fair Lady 1964 91
Sophie's Choice 1982 91
A Place in the Sun 1951 92
The Apartment 1960 93 80 13
Goodfellas 1990 94 92 2
Pulp Fiction 1994 95 94 1
The Last Picture Show 1971 95
The Searchers 1956 96 12 84
Do the Right Thing 1989 96
Bringing Up Baby 1938 97 88 9
Blade Runner 1982 97
Unforgiven 1992 98 68 30
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner 1967 99
Toy Story 1995 99
Yankee Doodle Dandy 1942 100 98 2

2007 update notes

Twenty-three films from the original top 100 films list were removed in 2007:

Four films released between 1996–2006 were added:

Nineteen films made before 1996 were also added:

Criticisms

As with awards, the list of those who vote and the final vote tally are not released to the public, nor the criteria for how the 400 nominated films have been selected.

On June 26, 1998, the Chicago Reader published an article by film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum which offers a detailed response to the movies in the AFI list, as well as criticism of the AFI's appropriation of British films, such as Lawrence of Arabia and The Third Man. Rosenbaum also produced an alternate list of 100 American movies that he felt had been overlooked by the AFI.[2] Rosenbaum chose to present this alternative list alphabetically since to rank them according to merit would be "tantamount to ranking oranges over apples or declaring cherries superior to grapes."

The AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) list includes five titles from Rosenbaum's list, and the accompanying promotional poster lists the titles in alphabetical order.

See also

References

External links

  • AFI 100 Years...100 Movies (1998 edition)
  • AFI 100 Years...100 Movies (2007 edition)
  • List of the 400 nominated movies (1998 edition)
  • List of the 400 nominated movies (2007 edition)
  • Filmsite.org article
  • Montreal Mirror editorial
  • SFM Entertainment page on the special; includes video clip

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