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Bill Mollison

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Bill Mollison

Bill Mollison
Born 1928 (age 87–88)
Stanley, Tasmania, Australia
Residence Australia
Nationality Australian
Fields Biologist and environmentalist
Institutions CSIRO
Tasmania Museum
Inland Fisheries Commission
Permaculture Institute
Alma mater University of Tasmania
Known for Environmental psychology
Notable awards Right Livelihood Award (1981)

Bruce Charles "Bill" Mollison (born 1928 in Stanley, Tasmania) is an Australian researcher, author, scientist, teacher, and biologist. He is considered to be the "father of permaculture"[1] (although Joseph Russell Smith was the first to write about a system of permanent agriculture in a book entitled Tree Crops, published in 1929, and also a book from 1910 entitled Breeding and Use of Tree Crops[2][3][4]). Permaculture is an integrated system of design which Mollison co-developed with David Holmgren, and it encompasses not only agriculture, horticulture, architecture, and ecology, but also economic systems, land access strategies, and legal systems for businesses and communities. In 1978, Mollison collaborated with Holmgren and they wrote a book called Permaculture One. Mollison founded The Permaculture Institute in Tasmania, and created a training system to train others under the umbrella of Permaculture.[5] Mollison's system of train the trainer has taught thousands of people how to grow food and be sustainable using the Permaculture method.

He received the Right Livelihood Award in 1981 with Patrick van Rensburg.


  • Permaculture One: A Perennial Agriculture for Human Settlements (with David Holmgren, Trasworld Publishers, 1978) ISBN 978-0-938240-00-6
  • Permaculture Two: Practical Design for Town and Country in Permanent Agriculture (Tagari Publications, 1979)
  • Permaculture – A Designer's Manual (1988) ISBN 978-0-908228-01-0
  • Introduction to Permaculture (1991, Revised 1997) ISBN 978-0-908228-08-9
  • The Permaculture Book of Ferment and Human Nutrition (1993, Revised 2011) ISBN 978-0-908228-06-5
  • Travels in Dreams: An Autobiography (1996) ISBN 978-0-908228-11-9


See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Ie., teachers such as April Sampson-Kelly who created the first on-line system called, Permaculturevisions Online Institute in 1993, via

External links


  • interview 2001Seeds of Change
  • Plowboy Interview
  • In Context interview
  • Permaculture: A Quiet Revolution – An interview with Bill Mollison by Scott London

Video interviews/features

  • : 50-minute Australian-made documentary from 1989Permaculture – see also Timestamped study notes for this video.
  • : Another 50-minute Australian-made documentary from 1989In Grave Danger of Falling Food.
  • :The Global Gardener Part 1 The tropics.
  • :The Global Gardener Part 2 Dry Lands.
  • :The Global Gardener Part 3 Cool Climates on YouTube
  • :The Global Gardener Part 4 Urban Settings on YouTube
  • Bill Mollison Interviewed by Frank Arogana on YouTube
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