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Bit language

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Title: Bit language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Languages of China, Pakanic languages, Nguồn language, Austroasiatic languages, Palaungic languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bit language

Native to Laos, China
Native speakers
2,200  (1994–2005)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bgk
Glottolog bitt1240[2]

Bit is an Austroasiatic language spoken by around 1,500 people in northern Laos, concentrated in the provinces of Louang Namtha and Phongsali. There are thought to be about another 500 speakers over the border in Yunnan Province, China. It has been classified as Khmuic, Palaungic, and as Mangic.

In China, the Buxing people (布兴, 布幸, or 布醒; IPA: [puʃiŋ]) are also called Kami 佧米人 or Kabi 佧比人 (IPA: [khabit]).


In Laos, Bit is spoken by 2,000 people in the villages of Nam Lie, Nam Lan, Nam Liaŋ, Nam Pauk, Bɔn Tsɛm Mɑi, Nam Tha, Bɔn Hui Huo, Bɔn Bɔm Phiŋ, and Nam Nɔi (Gao 2004). The speakers call themselves "Laubit." Kingsada (1999) covers the Khabit (khaa bet) language of Nale village, Bun Neua District, Phongsaly Province, Laos.[3]

In Mengla County, Yunnan, China, Bit (Buxing) is spoken by 539 people as of 2000, in the following villages (Gao 2004).

  • Nanqian 南欠村, Manzhuang Village 曼庄村, Mohan Township 磨憨镇[4]
  • Kami 卡咪村, Huiluo Village 回洛村, Kami Township 卡米镇 / Mengban 勐伴镇[5]


  1. ^ Bit at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bit". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Kingsadā, Thō̜ngphet, and Tadahiko Shintani. 1999 Basic Vocabularies of the Languages Spoken in Phongxaly, Lao P.D.R. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
  4. ^
  5. ^
  • 高永奇 / Gao Yongqi. 2004. 布兴语研究 / Buxing yu yan jiu (A Study of Buxing). Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she.
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