Books of the Maccabees

The Books of the Maccabees are books concerned with the Maccabees, the leaders of the Jewish rebellion against the Seleucid dynasty, or related subjects.

The term mostly refers to two deuterocanonical books contained in some canons of the Bible:

  • 1 Maccabees, originally written in Hebrew and surviving in a Greek translation, relates the history of the Maccabees from 175 BC until 134 BC.
  • 2 Maccabees, a Greek abridgment of an earlier history in Hebrew, relating the history of the Maccabees down to 161 BC, focusing on Judas Maccabaeus, talks about praying for the dead, offerings.

The term also commonly refers to two further works:

  • 3 Maccabees, a Greek book relating to a 3rd-century BC persecution of the Jews of Egypt.[1]
  • 4 Maccabees, a philosophic discourse praising the supremacy of reason over passion, using the Maccabean martyrs as examples.[1]

The term may also refer to:

The three books of Meqabyan from Ethiopia are similar in name but quite different in content.

References

  1. ^ a b c 'Maccabees, Books of, 3-5.' International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (via BibleStudyTools.com). Last accessed: 7 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d James R. Davila, 'The More Old Testament Pseudepigrapha Project.' U of St. Andrews. Last accessed: 7 May 2013.
  3. ^ John Malalas. Chronographia. Edited by Ludwig A. Dindorf. Vol. 15 of Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae. Bonn: Weber, 1831.
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