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Bumang language

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Title: Bumang language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Kháng language, Austroasiatic languages, Khmuic languages, Tai Loi language, Lamet language
Collection: Khmuic Languages, Mangic Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bumang language

Native to China
Region Yunnan
Ethnicity Manzhang Dai
Native speakers
200–300  (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bvp

Bumang (Chinese: 布芒语) is a tonal Austroasiatic language of Yunnan, China. It is spoken by about 200 people in Manzhang 曼仗, Mengla District 勐拉地区, Jinping County, Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Bumang was only recently discovered by Chinese linguist Dao Jie in the mid-2000s. It is closely related to Kháng (Edmondson 2010).


  • Classification 1
  • Population 2
  • Phonology 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Jerold A. Edmondson (2010) considers Bumang and the closely related Kháng language to be Khmuic languages based on lexical evidence, while Dao Jie 刀洁 (2007) proposes that Bumang may be a Palaungic language.

Although Bumang and Mang have similar names and are both spoken in Honghe Prefecture of Yunnan Province in China, they are not closely related and do not appear to be in the same branch together (Edmondson 2010). Whereas Edmondson considers Bumang to likely be a Khmuic language, Mang is not one, and is more closely related to the Bolyu and Bugan languages of southern China.


The Bumang's autonym is bu24 maŋ24 (Dao Jie 2007). In China, the Bumang are classified as part of the Dai nationality. Bumang speakers are surrounded by speakers of White Tai (Tai Don), Black Tai (Tai Dam), and Pu'er Dai. Bumang women's clothing is identical to that of the Kháng, Ksingmul, White Tai, and Black Tai (Edmondson 2010).

Within Manzhang 曼仗,[2] Mengla District 勐拉地区, Bumang is spoken in Shangmanzhang 上曼仗 (with 22 households; known in the Bumang language as ban12 jau51) and Xiamanzhang 下曼仗 (with 49 households). Shangmanzhang 上曼仗 is located in Tiantou Village 田头村, Mengla Township 勐拉乡, while Xiamanzhang 下曼仗 is situated on a state-run rubber plantation (国营橡胶农场).

The Bumang are descended from Kháng people who had immigrated from Vietnam in the 1800s (Edmondson 2010:139).


Like Kháng, Bumang is a tonal language.


  1. ^ Bumang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^
  • Dao Jie 刀洁. 2007. Bumang yu yanjiu 布芒语研究 [A study of Bumang]. Beijing: 民族出版社 [Nationalities Publishing House].
  • Edmondson, Jerold A. 2010. "The Kháng language of Vietnam in comparison to Ksingmul (Xinh-mun)." In Kenneth A. McElhanon and Ger Reesink, A Mosaic of languages and cultures: studies celebrating the career of Karl J. Franklin, 138-154. SIL e-Books, 19. [Dallas]: SIL International.

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