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Title: Echinorhinus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Squaliformes, Outline of sharks, Shark, Great white shark, Bramble shark
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Temporal range: 84–0 Ma[1]
Campanian to Present
Bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus
Echinorhinus brucus, mounted specimen, on display at the Museo storia naturale di Pisa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Superorder: Selachimorpha
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Echinorhinidae
T. N. Gill, 1862
Genus: Echinorhinus
Blainville, 1816
The distribution of the two Echinorhinus species

Echinorhinus is the only extant genus in the family Echinorhinidae.


  • Taxonomy 1
  • Etymology 2
  • Species 3
  • Description 4
  • Biology 5
  • Distribution 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8


While some scientists have proposed that Echinorhinidae be given an order separate from Squaliformes, the general current consensus is that Echinorhinidae is still a family in the order Squaliformes [2]


The name is from Greek echinos meaning "spiny" and rhinos meaning "nose".



This genus includes two extant species of uncommon, little-known sharks. Both species are relatively large sharks, at 3.1 to 4.0 m (10.2 to 13.1 ft) in body length. They are characterized by a short nose and by rough thorn-like dermal denticles scattered over its body, some of which may be fused together. They have no anal fin. Two small spineless dorsal fins are positioned far back.


They are ovoviviparous, with the mother retaining the egg-cases inside her body until they hatch, producing litters up to 24 pups.[3] They feed on smaller sharks, smaller bony fish, and on crabs and cephalopods.


These sharks are found worldwide in cold temperate to tropical seas from the surface down to a depth of 900 m (3,000 ft).[3]

See also


  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  2. ^ Compagno, 2005. "Sharks of the World". ISBN 9780691120720
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.
  • "Echinorhinus".  
  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). EchinorhinusSpecies of in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  • FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4 Parts 1 and 2 Sharks of the World
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