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Economy of Bhutan

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Title: Economy of Bhutan  
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Subject: Economy of Afghanistan, Agriculture in Bhutan, Economy of Abkhazia, Economy of the Maldives, Economy of Nepal
Collection: Economy of Bhutan
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Economy of Bhutan

Economy of Bhutan
Currency ngultrum (BTN); Indian rupee (INR)
1 July - 30 June
Trade organizations
GDP $5.036 billion (2012 est.)
GDP rank 168th (nominal) / 158th (PPP)
GDP growth
9.7% (2012 est.)
GDP per capita
$6,800 (2012 est.)
GDP by sector
agriculture: 22.3%, industry: 37.9%, services: 39.8% (2006)
4.9% (2007 est.)
Population below poverty line
31.7% (2003)
no data
Labor force
no data (major shortage of skilled labor)
Labor force by occupation
agriculture: 63%, industry: 6%, services: 31% (2004 est.)
Unemployment 2.5% (2004)
Main industries
cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Exports $350 million f.o.b. (2006)
Export goods
electricity (to India), cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, precious stones, spices
Main export partners
India 58.6%, Hong Kong 30.1%, Bangladesh 7.3% (2007)
Imports $320 million c.i.f. (2006)
Import goods
fuel and lubricants, grain, aircraft, machinery and parts, vehicles, fabrics, rice
Main import partners
India 74.5%, Japan 7.4%, Sweden 3.2% (2007)
Public finances
$713.3 million (2006)
Revenues $272 million (2005)
Expenses $350 million (India finances 3/5 of Bhutan's expenditures) (2005)
Economic aid $90.02 million (India) (2005)
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars.

The economy of Hydropower exports to India have boosted Bhutan's overall growth, even though GDP fell in 2008 as a result of a slowdown in India, its predominant export market.


  • Macro-economic trend 1
  • Other statistics 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Macro-economic trend

This is a chart of trend of gross domestic product of Bhutan at market prices [1] by the International Monetary Fund:
Year GDP (millions of BTN) GDP (millions of USD)
1985 2,166 175
1990 4,877 279
1995 9,531 294
2000 20,060 460
2005 36,915 828
2008 1280

Bhutan's TWh (2005)

  • consumption: 380 GWh (2005)
  • exports: 1.5 TWh (2005) (exports electricity to India)
  • imports: 20 GWh (2005)
  • Electricity - production by source:

    • fossil fuel: 0.39%
    • hydro: 99.61%
    • nuclear: 0%
    • other: 0% (1998)


    • production: 0 barrels per day (0 m3/d) (2005)
    • consumption: 1,200 barrels per day (190 m3/d) (2005 est.)
    • exports: 0 barrels per day (0 m3/d) (2004)
    • imports: 1,138 barrels per day (180.9 m3/d) (2004)

    Agriculture - products: rice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains, dairy products, eggs

    Currency: 1 ngultrum (BTN) = 100 chetrum; Indian rupee (INR)

    Historic exchange rates:

      2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 1999
    Ngultrum per US$1 45.279 44.101 45.317 46.583 48.61 47.186 43.055



    1. ^ "Doing Business in Bhutan 2012".  

    External links

    • Global Economic Prospects: Growth Prospects for South Asia The World Bank, December 13, 2006
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