World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

English in Barbados

Article Id: WHEBN0028076212
Reproduction Date:

Title: English in Barbados  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ugandan English, Essex dialect, Samaná English, Cajun English, Western American English
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

English in Barbados

The Barbadian English or Bajan English is a dialect of the English Language used by Barbadians (Bajans) and by Barbadian diasporas. It should not be confused with Bajan Creole, which is an English-based creole language.


The Barbadian English is very rhotic and full of glottal stops. It is also very ubiquitous for the first vowel in price or prize. One example of Barbadian English would be the pronunciation of departments, which is [dɪˈpaːɹʔmənʔs].

  • The Kit Vowel: The realization of the kit vowel in the Barbadian English is pretty much the same as in American English, the default [ɪ].
  • The Dress Vowel: The vowel of dress is [ɛ].
  • The Trap Vowel: This vowel is usually [a].
  • The Lot Vowel: This vowel is usually [ɑ] or [ɒ].
  • The Strut Vowel: It is the same as in the US English, [ʌ].
  • The Foot Vowel: It is [ʊ].
  • The Fleece Vowel: It's [iː].
  • The Face Vowel: It's generally [eː], sometimes [eɪ].
  • The Palm Vowel: It is mostly [aː].
  • The Thought Vowel: The vowel of thought is [ɑː] or [ɒː].
  • The Goat Vowel: It's generally [oː] or [oə].
  • The Near Sound: It's [eːɹ].
  • The Square Sound: It's [eːɹ].
  • The Start Vowel: It's [aːɹ].
  • The North Vowel: The vowel in north is usually [ɑːɹ] or [ɒːɹ].
  • The Force Vowel: The vowel in force is usually [oːɹ].
  • The Cure Sound: The sound in cure is usually [oːɹ].
  • The Bath Vowel: This vowel is mostly [aː].
  • The Cloth Vowel: It is mostly [ɒː].
  • The Nurse Vowel: It's [ɤ].
  • The Goose vowel: It's mostly [uː].
  • The Price/Prize Dithphong: It's generally [ʌɪ].
  • The Choice Diphthong: It's either [ʌɪ] or [oɪ].
  • The Mouth Diphthong: It is [ʌʊ].
  • The happY vowel: It is pretty much the fleece vowel: [iː].
  • The lettEr Vowel: It's [ɤ].
  • The horsEs Vowel: It's [ɪ].
  • The commA vowel: It's [ə].
  • Trap and lot vowels are not merged in Barbadian English. However the vowels of lot, cloth and thought are generally merged. The realization of the face vowel varies by region and education/class. The face vowel is manifested in educated speech generally by [eː] or [eɪ], and in rural and uneducated speech by the vowel [ɛ].

See also


  • Schneider, E.W.; Kortmann, B. (2004). A Handbook of Varieties of English: Morphology and syntax. Mouton de Gruyter.  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.