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Gerald E. Brown

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Gerald E. Brown

Gerald Edward Brown
Born (1926-07-22)July 22, 1926
Brookings, South Dakota
Died May 31, 2013(2013-05-31) (aged 86)
Residence New York
Fields Quantum mechanics, Nuclear Physics
Institutions Stony Brook University
NORDITA
Princeton University
Alma mater University of Wisconsin
Yale University
University of Birmingham
Doctoral advisor Rudolf Peierls
Known for Elucidating the effects of various nuclear constituents on nucleon interactions and nucleon structure
Notable awards Hans Bethe Prize
Tom W. Bonner Prize in Nuclear Physics
Max Planck Medal
Website
//brown/faculty.edu.sunysb.physicstonic

Gerald Edward "Gerry" Brown (born July 22, 1926 in Brookings, South Dakota; † May 31, 2013 in New York City[1]) was an American theoretical physicist who worked on nuclear physics and astrophysics. Since 1968 he had been a professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.[2] He was a distinguished professor emeritus of the C. N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics at Stony Brook University.

Life and work

Brown received his bachelor's degree in physics in 1946 from the University of Wisconsin and in 1948 his master's degree from Yale University, where in 1950 he earned his PhD. In 1957 he earned his D.Sc. from the University of Birmingham in England (under Rudolf Peierls), where he was from 1955 docent and in 1959/60 was professor for theoretical physics. From 1960 to 1985 he was a professor at NORDITA in Copenhagen and concurrently from 1964 to 1968 Professor at Princeton and since 1968 he was a professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he became Distinguished Professor of Physics in 1988.[2]

Brown worked first in theoretical atomic physics (self-ionization of the vacuum with Geoff Ravenhall in 1951, Lamb shift in heavy atoms, electron-electron interactions, precise calculation of Rayleigh scattering). In nuclear physics, where he was for decades one of the leading theorists of nuclear many body problems in particle physics, he worked, for example, with Mark Bolsteri on the giant dipole resonance, with Tom Kuo on effective interactions of nucleons in atomic nuclei, as well on chiral invariant theories of the atomic nucleus (with Mannque Rho and Dan-Olof Riska), that is to say, field theories with pions and other mesons. Starting in the 1970s he worked frequently in collaboration with Hans Bethe on the nuclear-physics-derived equations of state in the theory of compact stars (gravitational collapse, supernovae, double stars with compact stars as partners, development of black holes, gamma ray bursts). Since the end of the 1970s, Brown worked on bag models of nucleons (Chiral bag model).[3] Toward the end of Bethe's life, Bethe told Brown to explain his work to the rest of the world.

Awards and recognition

Brown received an honorary doctorate from the Helsinki (1982), Birmingham (1990) and Copenhagen (1998).[2]

Selected works

References

  1. ^ "Gerald Edward Brown". Ivory.idyll.org. Retrieved 2013-06-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d CV from Homepage of Gerald Brown
  3. ^ of the American Physical SocietyHans A. Bethe Prize winnersDescription of Brown in list of
  4. ^ "Gruppe 2: Fysikkfag (herunder astronomi, fysikk og geofysikk)" (in Norwegian).  

External links

  • Dr. Brown's faculty page
  • Homepage of the Nuclear Theory Group of SUNY in Stony Brook
  • Biography of Brown from the APS
  • Stories about Gerry Brown
  • FROM NUCLEI TO STARS – Festschrift in Honor of Gerald E Brown
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