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Golden age of alpinism

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Title: Golden age of alpinism  
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Subject: Mountaineering, Exploration of the High Alps, John Tyndall, Switzerland as a federal state, Modern history of Switzerland, Melchior Anderegg
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Golden age of alpinism


The golden age of alpinism was the period between Alfred Wills's ascent of the Wetterhorn in 1854[1] and Edward Whymper's ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865, during which many major peaks in the Alps saw their first ascents.[2][3][4]

Its start slightly predating the formation of the Alpine Club in London in 1857, the golden age was dominated by British alpinists accompanied by their Swiss and French guides. Prominent figures of the period include Lord Francis Douglas, Florence Crauford Grove, Charles Hudson, E. S. Kennedy, William Mathews, A. W. Moore, Leslie Stephen, Francis Fox Tuckett, John Tyndall, Horace Walker and Edward Whymper. Well-known guides of the era include Christian Almer, Jakob Anderegg, Melchior Anderegg, J. J. Bennen, Michel Croz, Johannes Zumtaugwald

Walker's sister Lucy also attained some notable firsts during the period, including the first ascent of the Balmhorn (1864), and later several first female ascents.

In the early years of the "golden age", scientific pursuits were intermixed with the sport. More often than not, the mountaineers carried a variety of instruments up the mountain with them to be used for scientific observations. The physicist John Tyndall was the most prominent of the scientists. Among the non-scientist mountaineers, the literary critic Leslie Stephen was the most prominent. In the later years of the "golden age", the non-scientist pure sportsmen came to dominate the London-based Alpine Club and alpine mountaineering overall.[5]

First ascents in the golden age

See also

References and external links

Sources

  • Hermann Alexander Berlepsch (1861), (English translated from German by Leslie Stephen).
  • Trevor Braham (2004), When the Alps Cast Their Spell: Mountaineers of the Golden Age of Alpinism (publisher: In Pinn)
  • Ronald Clark (1953), (220 pages).
  • John Tyndall, (1871), (475 pages).fr:Âge d'or de l'alpinisme

pt:Idade de ouro do alpinismo

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