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Gorum language

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Title: Gorum language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Austroasiatic languages, Munda languages, Tai Loi language, Lamet language, Minriq language
Collection: Endangered Indian Languages, Munda Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Gorum language

Native to India
Region Orissa, Andhra Pradesh
Ethnicity 12,600 in Orissa (2001 census)[1]
Native speakers
possibly extinct  (1997)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pcj
Glottolog pare1266[3]

Gorum, or Parengi, is a minor Munda language of India. Speakers are shifting to Oriya.


The name Gorum most likely comes from an animal/people prefix go- and root -rum meaning 'people', and is possibly related to the ethnonym Remo (Anderson 2008:381).

Parengi, or Parenga, is of obscure origin.


Gorum speakers are located in the following areas of eastern India (Anderson 2008:381).

Gutob is spoken to the north of Gorum, and Gta to the west of Gorum.


  1. ^ Gorum language at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Parengi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Parenga". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.

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