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Haitian French

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Title: Haitian French  
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Subject: Meridional French, American French, Saint-Barthélemy French, French language in Laos, LGBT history in Haiti
Collection: French Dialects, French Language, Languages of Haiti
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Haitian French

Haitian French[1]
français haïtien
Native to Haiti
Native speakers
(this article does not contain any information regarding the number of speakers)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Haitian French (French: français haïtien, Haitian Creole: fransè ayisyen) is the variety of French spoken in Haiti.[1]


  • Phonology 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5


The consonant /ʁ/ is pronounced [ɣ], but it is often silent in the syllable coda when occurring before a consonant or prosodic break (faire is pronounced [fɛː]). The nasal vowels are not pronounced as in French of France, /ɑ̃/ → [ã], /ɛ̃/ → [ɛ̃], /ɔ̃/ → [õ], and /œ̃/ → [œ̃]. The typical vowel shifts, makes it sound very much like other regional accents of the French Caribbean, and the Francophone countries of Africa.[2] The perceivable difference between Haitian French and the French spoken in Paris, lies in the Haitian speaker's intonation, where a rather subtle creole-based tone carrying the French on top is found.[1] Importantly, these differences are not enough to be misunderstood between a native Parisian speaker and a speaker of Haitian French.[1]

In Haiti, the French spoken in Paris is very influential; so much so, that there is a growing number of Haitians who'd rather speak it as precisely as possible by listening to "Radio France Internationale" and the style spoken. Although quite distinct from the streets of Paris, the results are quite similar to the media of Paris and published books.[1]

In the educated groups, French is spoken more closely to the Parisian accent. It is within this group that a major portion of enrollment is provided for the private schools and universities. Even in this group however, a native accent of the language usually occurs in everyone's speech.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f
  2. ^
  3. ^

Further reading

External links

  • [1] Muska Group: Native Haitian French & Haitian Creole Advertisements (Film & Radio)
  • [2] French and Creole Patois in Haiti - JSTOR
  • [3] Accents: A Manual for Actors, Volume 1
  • [4] Haiti French vs. Paris French (A linguistic comparison)
  • [5] Listen to French accents across the world (Videos)
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