World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

History of the Jews in Monaco


History of the Jews in Monaco

/ref>Monaco had a very small Jewish presence prior to World War II, numbering approximately 300 people.[1] During the war, the principality's government issued false identity papers to its Jewish residents to protect them from Nazi deportation.[2] Prince Louis II refused to dismiss Jewish civil servants and protected Edouard de Rothschild from deportation. However, Monaco’s police arrested and turned over 42 Central European Jewish refugees to the Nazis.[1] 60 Jews were arrested Aug. 27-28 in 1942, and 90 in total, according to "The Algemeiner".[3]

In 1948, the Association Cultuelle Israelite de Monaco was founded as the official organization of Monaco's Jewish community, and it provides the community with a synagogue, Hebrew school and kosher food store.[2] Today's Jewish community in Monaco consists primarily of retirees from France and the United Kingdom, and there is also a small population of North African and Turkish Jews.[4]

While Monaco has almost no Jewish citizens, approximately 1,000 Jewish expatriates of other countries comprise about 2.86% of Monaco's total residents (citizen and non-citizen combined).[5] This means Monaco has the highest per capita total of Jewish residents of any country in the world outside of Israel (though not the highest per capita amount of Jewish citizens).

Monaco has full diplomatic relations with Israel.[2]

World War II monument and apology

In August 2015, Prince Albert II apologized for the role of Monaco in deporting Jews to Nazi Germany's concentration camps. A monument dedicated to Monaco Jews who were so deported was unveilied by the Prince during that occasion; it stands at the Monaco cemetery.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b Michael Curtis (2003). Verdict on Vichy. Arcade Publishing. p. 231.  
  2. ^ a b c "The Virtual Jewish History Tour: Monaco". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ "The Algemeiner".
  4. ^ "The Jewish Community of Monaco". Am Yisrael. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  5. ^ "The International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Monaco". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  6. ^ Press, Associated. "Prince Albert apologises for Monaco's role in deporting Jews to Nazi camps". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-08-28. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.