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History of the Jews in the Czech Republic

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Title: History of the Jews in the Czech Republic  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of the Jews in Europe, History of the Jews in Sweden, History of the Jews in Slovakia, History of the Jews during World War II, History of the Jews in Andorra
Collection: Jewish Czech History
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History of the Jews in the Czech Republic

Czech Jews, Bohemian Jews
Franz Kafka
Gerty Cori
Judah Loew ben Bezalel
Gustav Mahler
Edmund Husserl
Wilhelm Steinitz
Total population
~4,000
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Czech, German, Yiddish, Hebrew
Religion
Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, Austrian Jews, German Jews, Hungarian Jews, Ukrainian Jews
Jewish communities associated under the Federation of Jewish communities and their administration within the Czech Republic, 2008

Prague and some other cities.

As part of the original Czechoslovakia, and before that the Austro-Hungarian Empire the Jews had a long association with this part of Europe.[6] Throughout the last thousand years there have emerged over 600 Jewish communities in the Kingdom of Bohemia.[7] According to the 1930 census, Czechoslovakia (including Subcarpathian Ruthenia) had a Jewish population of 356,830.[8]

Most Slovak Jews were deported by the pro-Nazi Slovak Fascist government directly to Auschwitz, Treblinka, and other extermination camps, where they were murdered. Most Czech Jews were initially deported by the German occupiers with the help of local Czech Nazi collaborators to Terezin, known in German as Theresienstadt concentration camp and later killed. However many Czechoslovakian children were rescued by Kindertransport and escaped to the United Kingdom and other Allied countries. Some were reunited with their families after the war while many lost parents and relatives to the concentration camps.

Contents

  • Jewish Prague 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Jewish Prague

Jews are believed to have settled in Prague as early as the 10th century. The 16th century was a golden age for Jewry in Prague. One of the famous Jewish scholars of the time was Judah Loew ben Bezalel known as the Maharal, who served as a leading rabbi in Prague for most of his life. He is buried at the Old Jewish Cemetery in Josefov, and his grave with its tombstone intact, can still be visited. It is said that the body of Golem (created by Maharal) lies in the attic of the Old New Synagogue where the genizah of Prague's community is kept.[9] In 1708, Jews accounted for one-quarter of Prague’s population.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "YIVO | Czechoslovakia". Yivoencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  2. ^ "YIVO | Population and Migration: Population since World War I". Yivoencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  3. ^ http://www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2010.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.jewishgen.org/austriaczech/MilaRechcigl.html
  5. ^ The Virtual Jewish Library - Jewish population of Czech republic, 2005
  6. ^ "The Jews and Jewish Communities of Bohemia in the past and present". Jewishgen.org. 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  7. ^ "Czech Synagogues and Cemeteries". Isjm.org. 2003-01-04. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  8. ^ "The Holocaust in Bohemia and Moravia". Ushmm.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  9. ^ 'The Golem'', Temple Emanu-El, San Jose"'". Templesanjose.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  10. ^ Prague, The Virtual Jewish History Tour

External links

  • The Jewish Virtual Library - Prague
  • Chanukah celebration in prague, by Jewish community of prague
  • Chabad Prague
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