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Isistius

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Title: Isistius  
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Subject: Cookiecutter shark, Squaliformes, Largetooth cookiecutter shark, Kitefin shark, Shark
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Isistius

Isistius
Temporal range: 56–0 Ma[1]
Є
O
S
D
C
P
T
J
K
Pg
N
Thanetian to Present
Cookiecutter shark (I. brasiliensis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Dalatiidae
Genus: Isistius
T. N. Gill, 1865
Type species
Isistius brasiliensis
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Isistius is a genus of dogfish sharks in the family Dalatiidae. They are commonly known as cookiecutter sharks. Members of the genus are known for their unusual behaviour and dentition.[2]


Contents

  • Species 1
  • Habits 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Species

Habits

The cookiecutter sharks, or 'cigar sharks' are noted as a genus of sharks that are unusual in the manner in which they replace their teeth. Instead of replacing teeth singly as they get damaged or lost, for example in hunting, such sharks replace the whole set. They can repeat such replacement throughout their lifetime.[3]


Cookiecutter sharks often attack large shoals of fish, but have been known to circle fishing vessels in order to get an easy meal. It is particularly notorious for biting small chunks off of a prey animal in passing. Large prey such as swordfish and cetaceans, may bear several healed wounds from such bites.[4]

Weaker prey may be injured enough to be weakened until they are unable to swim properly. They then are prone to sinking, enabling the Isistius to gorge. Isistius species can eat half of their own body weight at a time and are found in oceanic waters.

In unusual circumstances, cookiecutter sharks have been known to attack humans if they find them in their hunting grounds, and there even have been reports of their killing humans, circling them in great numbers while stripping their flesh.

See also

References

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. 
  2. ^ Jones, E. C. 1971. Isistius brasiliensis. a squaloid shark. the probable cause of crater wounds on fishes and cetaceans; Fish. Bull. 69.791-98.
  3. ^ Strasburg, Donald W.; The Diet and Dentition of Isistius brasiliensis, with Remarks on Tooth Replacement in Other Sharks; Copeia, Vol. 1963, No. 1, Mar. 30, 1963 (pp. 33-40) Published by: American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1441272
  4. ^ Papastamatiou Yannis P., Wetherbee, Brad M., O'Sullivan, John, Goodmanlowe Gwen D. Lowe, Christopher G.; Foraging ecology of Cookiecutter Sharks (Isistius brasiliensis) on pelagic fishes in Hawaii, inferred from prey bite wounds.; Environmental Biology of Fishes, Volume 88, Number 4, 361-368, doi:10.1007/s10641-010-9649-2
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