World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jack Hemingway

Article Id: WHEBN0012421365
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jack Hemingway  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ernest Hemingway, Lost Generation, Gertrude Stein, Margaux Hemingway, Eric Dorman-Smith, Mariel Hemingway, Hadley Richardson, Storm King School, Big Two-Hearted River, Paul Scott Mowrer
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jack Hemingway

Jack Hemingway
with his parents in 1926
Born John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway
(1923-10-10)October 10, 1923
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Died December 1, 2000(2000-12-01) (aged 77)
New York City
Occupation Angler, conservationist, writer
Spouse(s) Byra Whittlesey (1949–1988)
Angela Holvey
Children Joan Hemingway (born 1950)
Margaux Hemingway (1954–1996)
Mariel Hemingway (born 1961)

John "Jack" Hadley Nicanor Hemingway (October 10, 1923 – December 1, 2000) was a Canadian-American fly fisherman, conservationist and writer.

Early life

He was born in Toronto, Canada, the only child of American writer Ernest Hemingway and his first wife Hadley Richardson. He would later gain two half-brothers, Patrick and Gregory, from Hemingway's marriage to Pauline Pfeiffer. Jack was named for his mother and for Spanish matador Nicanor Villalta y Serrés whom his father admired.[1] Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas were his godparents. Nicknamed "Bumby" as a toddler "because of his plump teddy-bear qualities", Hemingway spent his early years in Paris and the Austrian Alps.[2]

College and military service

He attended the University of Montana and Dartmouth College but did not graduate, enlisting in the US Army after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.[2] As a French-speaking First Lieutenant with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the United States wartime intelligence agency, he worked with the French Resistance. He parachuted into occupied France with his fly rod, reel and flies and was almost captured by a German patrol while fishing after his first mission.[2] In late October 1944 he was wounded and captured by the Germans behind their lines in the Vosges in France[3] and held prisoner-of-war at Mosberg Prison Camp until April 1945.[4] He was awarded the Croix de Guerre by the government of France for his wartime service.[5] Following World War II he was stationed in West Berlin and Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany and Fort Bragg, North Carolina.[5] He separated from the army and transitioned back to civilian life becoming a stockbroker and then a fishing supplies salesman.[2]

Marriage and family

Hemingway married Byra L. "Puck" Whittlesey on June 25, 1949, in Paris, attended by Julia Child and Alice B. Toklas. The couple had three children: Joan "Muffet" Hemingway (born 1950), Margaux Hemingway (1954–1996) and Mariel Hemingway (born 1961).[4] Puck died in 1988. Margaux died of a barbiturate overdose at age 42.

Angler and conservationist

Throughout his life, Jack Hemingway was an avid fly fisherman. He fished "most of North America's great trout streams" and several of the world's best salmon rivers, such as the Lærdalselvi River in Norway. A long-time resident of Idaho,[5] Hemingway lived in Ketchum. From 1971 to 1977 he was a commissioner on the Idaho Fish and Game Commission. Idaho's trout stocks increased as a result of Hemingway's success in getting the state to adopt a catch and release fishing law.[2] His work with The Nature Conservancy was instrumental in preserving Silver Creek near Sun Valley as one of Idaho's premier trout streams.[6]


He helped finish A Moveable Feast (1964)—his father's memoir of life in 1920s Paris—which was published three years after his father's death. Hemingway published an autobiography, Misadventures of a Fly Fisherman: My Life With and Without Papa, in 1986. A second volume of autobiography was released posthumously in 2002: A Life Worth Living: The Adventures of a Passionate Sportsman.

Death and honors

He died on December 1, 2000, at age 77, from complications following heart surgery, in New York City.[2] In 2001, the state of Idaho designated an annual "Jack Hemingway Conservation Day" in his honor.[7]


  • Hemingway, Jack (1986). Misadventures of a Fly Fisherman: My Life With and Without Papa. Dallas: Taylor Pub. Co. ISBN 0-8783-3379-7
  • Hemingway, Jack (2002). A Life Worth Living: The Adventures of a Passionate Sportsman. Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press. ISBN 1-58574-325-9



  • Oliver, Charles M. (1999). Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work. New York: Checkmark Publishing. ISBN 0-8160-3467-2

External links

  • The Guardian
  • Last Interview, at

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.