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Jarash, Jerusalem

Jarash
Jarash is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jarash
Arabic جرش
Name meaning Jerash; personal name[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates
Palestine grid 151/126
Population 190[2] (1945)
Area 3,518[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 21,October, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Jarash (Arabic: جرش‎) was a Palestinian village that was depopulated over the course of 1948 Arab-Israeli war. Located 25 kilometers west of Jerusalem, Jarash was a wholly Arab village of 220 inhabitants in 1948.

Contents

  • History 1
    • British Mandate era 1.1
    • 1948 and aftermath 1.2
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5

History

To the east of the village lay Khirbat Sira, which is identified with a Mamluk/Ottoman village.[4] In 1863 Victor Guérin found Jarash to have 25 inhabitants.[5]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Jarash was described as a village built on the spur of a hill with olive trees growing below it.[6]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jarash had a population 115, all Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 164, still all Muslim, in a total of 33 houses.[8]

In 1945 the population was 190, all Arabs, while the total land area was 3,518 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[2] Of this, 5 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 1,335 for cereals,[9] while 5 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[10]

1948 and aftermath

There are no Israeli settlements on the site of the former town, though it is located within present-day Israel.

Walid Khalidi

writes of Jarash:

"The site is overgrown with grass, interspersed with the debris of destroyed houses and stones from the terraces. The ruins of a cemetery lie northwest of the site. Groves of trees cover two hills to the west of the site that are separated by a valley. Carob, fig, almond, and olive trees grow on these hills."[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 296
  2. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 57
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #341. Also gives the cause for depopulation
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 154
  5. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 322
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, III:25. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 296
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 20
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 102
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 152
  11. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 297

Bibliography

  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine. 
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  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.  
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  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. 
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External links

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