World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Joseph Baker (pirate)

Article Id: WHEBN0006771709
Reproduction Date:

Title: Joseph Baker (pirate)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Henry Strangways (pirate), Pedro Gilbert, Jacques de Sores, Charles Gibbs, Ching Shih
Collection: 1800 Deaths, Canadian Pirates, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Year of Birth Missing
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Joseph Baker (pirate)

Joseph Baker [Joseph Boulanger] (died May 9, 1800) was a Canadian pirate, known primarily for the failed mutiny and hijacking of the merchant schooner Eliza in 1800.

Although little is known of his early life, Baker signed aboard the West Indies bound merchant schooner Eliza in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Soon after leaving port, Baker seized control of the ship with two other crewmen, Peter LaCroix and Joseph Berrouse, attacking the first mate during night watch and throwing him overboard. Wounding the Captain, a William Wheland, the three held him hostage while they discussed how to sell the cargo. As none of the sailors were able to navigate the ship, they accepted an offer from Wheland to sail them to the "Spanish Main" so they could rendezvous with other pirates in order to sell the cargo at a port.

Although promising to spare Wheland's life in exchange for sailing the ship to a safe haven, Baker reportedly bragged to LaCroix and Berrouse that he planned to kill him once in sight of land. After a time however, Wheland managed to surprise his captors, locking LaCroix and Berrouse in the ship's hold when they were below decks taking inventory of the ship's cargo. Sneaking up behind Baker, who was at the wheel, Wheland chased Baker up the mainmast and forced him to lash himself to the mast.

Sailing into St. Kitts, Wheland turned the mutineers over the U.S. naval authorities, who transported the three on the USS Ganges back to Philadelphia. There a U.S. Circuit Court tried them for murder and piracy. The court convened from April 21–25, 1800 and sentenced to death by hanging. The execution took place on May 9, reportedly to the cheers of the large number of spectators.

Further reading

  • Baker, Joseph. The Confession of Joseph Baker. Philadelphia: Richard Folwell, 1800.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.