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Title: Kalamassery  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kochi, Ernakulam district, Aluva, Eloor, Koonammavu
Collection: Cities and Towns in Ernakulam District, Neighbourhoods of Kochi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


National Highway 47 passing through Kalamassery City
National Highway 47 passing through Kalamassery City
Kalamassery is located in Kerala
Location in Kerala, India
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
 • Type Municipality
Population (2001)
 • Total 63,176
 • Density 2,013/km2 (5,210/sq mi)
 • Official Malayalam and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KL-07
Website .in.kalamasserymunicipalitywww

Kalamassery is a suburb of the city of Kochi and a Municipality in the District of Ernakulam of Kerala state, India. It is a highly industrialised region with several factories and IT companies.Kalamassery is the Industrial Hub of Kerala. Thrikkakara temple, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Unichira and Eloor industrial township are in the vicinity of Kalamassery. The Periyar river flows through Kalamassery.The Neighbouring localities of Kalamassery are Eloor , Edappally and Aluva. The Cochin International Airport is just 19.8Km away from Kalamassery.


  • Etymology 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography 3
  • Economy 4
  • Location 5
  • Places of interest 6
    • Museum of Kerala History 6.1
  • Kochi Science City 7
  • Hospitals 8
    • Places of worship 8.1
  • Education 9
  • References 10


The name Kalamassery is derived from Kalabhasery. In Malayalam a word can have multiple meaning,[1] in common usage kalabham means yellow sandalwood paste, and in literary Malayalam, it also means Elephant. Kalabhasery was the place where Elephants for Thrikkakara Temple was taken for rest after functions at the temple, that is a location near HMT Kalamassery. During the course of time Kalabhasery became Kalamassery. Historically the prominent area was called Njalakam, place with a prominent Juma Masjid,[2] but during the time of creation of Kalamassery Panchayat which include Njalakam, the dicissson was taken to choose the name as Kalamassery instead of Njalakam due to growth of Kalamassery due to the new industries like HMT in that area. Then later due to the growth Kalamassery was promoted to a Municipality status.


As of 2001 India census,[3] Kalamassery had a population of 63,176. Sex ratio is 956 females per 1000 males. Kalamassery has an average literacy rate of 84%, which is well higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 82%. In Kalamassery, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.


The soils consists mainly of recent sediments (Alluvium, Teri’s, Brown sand etc.). Red colored sticky soil is also found in these areas. The climate is generally tropical, heavy rains from the southwest and northeast monsoon are common from June through September. The average annual rainfall is about 350 cm.


FACT, India’s 1st large scale unit was set up in 1943 for production of fertiliser. In 1947, FACT Udyogamandal started production of ammonium sulphate with an installed capacity of 10,000 MT nitrogen. FACT became a Kerala State Public Sector Enterprise on 15 August 1960 and on 21 November 1962; the Government of India became a major Shareholder. FACT engineering works was established on 13 April 1966. Aluminium oxide is also produced in Kalamassery.[4] Apollo Tyres tyres acquired the Premier Tyres plant in Kalamassery.[5] The Hindustan Machine Tools also known as HMT is also located at the hearts of Kalamassery . Carborundum Universal Electro-minerals division has its production unit at South Kalamassery. Many Vehicle service centres like Toyota , Renault , Nissan , Volkswagen, Fiat India Automobiles etc., are located at Kalamassery.The Kerala State Electricity Board or KSEB sub-division is at Kalamassery . The Kochi Metro Casting Yard and Metro Village is located at HMT Colony in Kalamassery . The Science City , Startup Village , KINFRA are at Kalamassery. The Water from Periyar is supplied to Kochi City by Various pipes placed which are managed by the PWD and the Kerala Water Authority.

There are also many small scale industries in Kalamassery like St Antony Industries, Micro Tools, Ambadan Industries, Vellappally Manufacturing Industry, Pottekattu Rubbers Pvt.Ltd, Logiwiz , Bajaj etc. A part of South Kalamassery is as an Industrial area, with small scale industries such as perfume making industries and plastic recycling industries. Many people are engaged in employment through these industries. There are also Kudumbasree associations, employing many women.[6] The Main Headquarters of Vodafone India is at South Kalamassery.


Places of interest

Museum of Kerala History

Museum of Kerala History has representations of 87 figures who shaped the history and culture of Kerala in the last two thousand years. The museum has a collection of 150 dolls, all hand-made and detailed, representing the cultural and ethnic diversity of India.[7] The dolls represent young men and women from Gujarat to Nagaland and from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.[7] The gallery depicts mainly specimens of Indian contemporary art (painting and sculpture) over a period of the last two hundred years. The gallery also displays a mural painting based on the classical Sanskrit drama Shakuntalam executed in the traditional Kerala. The mural, at 25 feet long and 5 feet wide, is one of the largest in Kerala.

Kochi Science City

The Science City is an upcoming project of the Kerala government. This is located near to KINFRA. It is a recommended tourist spot for children.


  • Cochin Medical College, Kochi
  • Govt.Health Centre Kalamassery
  • Jacob's Hospital South Kalamassery
  • Kerala Institute Of Medical Science Pathadipalam
  • All India Institute Of Medical Science Kalamassery
  • All India Cancer Research Institute.

Places of worship

  • Thrikkakara Temple
  • Njalakam Juma Masjid South Kalamassery
  • Kalamassery Mahaganapathy Temple
  • St. Joseph Church
  • Central Juma Masjid North kalamassery
  • St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Church
  • Masjid Carborandum Jn. Kalamassery
  • St. Pious Church
  • St. Thomas Marthoma Church
  • Kavungal Kaavu Shri Durga Bhagavathi Temple Pallilamkara
  • St. Mary's Vimalambika Church Pallilamkara
  • Peringazha Durga Temple Pallilamkara
  • Pathirakattukaavu Temple Kalamassery
  • Nurul Huda Juma Masjid-HMT Colony Kalamassery
  • HMT Junction Juma Masjid
  • Moolepadam Masjid Kalamassery
  • Kalamassery Ayyapan Temple Edathavalam
  • St. George Orthodox Syrian Church
  • Ibrahim Masjid,Mannopilly
  • Hidayathul Islam Masjid,Changampuzha Nagar


Kalamassery Municipal office


  1. ^ "Multiple meaning for kalabham". Retrieved 2015-09-11. 
  2. ^ "Njalakam Juma Masjid, Kalamassery". Retrieved 2015-09-11. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ Kumar, A. Suresh; Nair, E. N. Muraleedharan; Babu, N. R. S. (1992). An Information guide to Kerala's industrial scenario 1992: towards industrial thought & action. Arya Fine Arts. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Business World. Ananda Bazar Patrika Ltd. October 1996. p. 151. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "Basic Services To The Urban Poor (BSUP)". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Dolls Museum". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
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