Keihan

"Keihan" redirects here. It is not to be confused with a rice dish.





Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (京阪電気鉄道株式会社 Keihan Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha?) () is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪?), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄?) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車?).

History

Keihan started its operation between Osaka and Kyoto in 1910. It was the first electric railway to connect these two cities, and the first line on the left bank of Yodo River. Keihan later purchased the lines in the Ōtsu area (Ōtsu Lines).

In the 1920s, Keihan built another Osaka-Kyoto line through its subsidiary Shinkeihan Railway (新京阪鉄道 Shin-keihan-tetsudō?), which merged into Keihan in 1930. This line is now known as Hankyu Kyoto Line.

In 1943, with the power given by the Land Transport Business Coordination Act (陸上交通事業調整法 rikujō-kōtsū-jigyō-chōsei-hō?) (Act No. 71 of 1938), the wartime government of Japan forced Keihan to merge with Hanshin Kyūkō Railway to form Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway (京阪神急行電鉄 Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu?). In 1949, the pre-war Keihan operations, except for Shinkeihan lines, restored independence under the original corporate name. Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway later changed the name to present Hankyu Railway.

Lines

The lines operated by Keihan are grouped into Keihan Lines and Ōtsu Lines. The former operates between Kyoto and Osaka with long formation of larger rolling stock. The latter runs Kyoto and Ōtsu with more tram-like cars. The entire network has double track.

Current lines

Keihan Lines

Ōtsu Lines

Other lines

  • Cable Line (鋼索線), also called Otokoyama Cable (男山ケーブル)

Closed lines

Unbuilt line

  • Umeda Line

Rolling stock

Keihan fleet as of October 2008[1]

Keihan Lines

  • 1900 series 5-car EMUs x 2 (introduced 1963)
  • 2200 series 7-car EMUs x 14 (introduced 1964)
  • 2400 series 7-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 1969)
  • 5000 series 7-car EMUs x 7 (introduced 1970)
  • 8030 series 8-car EMU x 1 (introduced 1971)
  • 1000 series 7-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 1977)
  • 2600 series 7-car EMUs x 6, 5-car EMUs x 8, 4-car EMUs x 5 (introduced 1978)
  • 6000 series 8-car EMUs x 14 (introduced 1983)
  • 7000 series 7-car EMUs x 4 (introduced 1989)
  • 8000 series 8-car EMUs x 10 (introduced 1989)
  • 7200 series 8-car EMUs x 2, 7-car EMU x 1 (introduced 1995)
  • 9000 series 8-car EMUs x 5 (introduced 1997)
  • 10000 series 4-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 2002)
  • 3000 series 8-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 2008)
  • 13000 series 4-car EMUs x 5 (to be introduced from spring 2012)

Ōtsu Lines

  • 600 series 2-car EMUs x 10
  • 700 series 2-car EMUs x 5
  • 800 series 4-car EMUs x 8 (introduced 1997)

Fares

Train fare varies based on travel distance. As of January 1, 2009, IC cards (PiTaPa and ICOCA) are accepted on the Keihan Lines and the Otsu Lines, but not on the Cable Line.

Keihan Lines (Keihan Main Line, Oto Line, Nakanoshima Line, Katano Line, Uji Line)
Distance (km) Fare (yen)
1-3 150
4-7 200
8-12 260
13-17 300
18-22 320
23-28 340
29-34 360
35-40 380
41-46 390
47-52 400
53-54 410
  • Additional fare when taking or passing the following lines
Oto Line: 60 yen
Nakanoshima Line (Nakanoshima - Oebashi): 60 yen
  • When using commutation tickets, Naniwabashi Station is treated as the same station as Kitahama Station, and Oebashi Station as that as Yodoyabashi Station.
Otsu Lines (Keishin Line, Ishiyama Sakamoto Line)
Distance (km) Fare (yen)
1-5 160
6-10 230
11-15 310
Cable line
200 yen

Etymology

The name Keihan is derived from the words Kyoto and Osaka in Japanese. The characters for Kyoto are 京都 and Osaka's are 大阪. The first character from Kyoto and the second from Osaka make 京阪, which can be read "Keihan".

Other businesses

Keihan also operates (through the subsidiaries) other businesses such as bus, taxi, water bus, hotel, department store and amusement park, mainly in the area along its railway system.

References

External links

  • Keihan Electric Railway (Japanese)
  • Keihan Electric Railway (English)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.