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List of U.S. state birds


List of U.S. state birds

This is a list of U.S. state birds as designated by each state's legislature. The selection of state birds began in 1927, when the legislatures for Massachusetts, South Carolina, and Tennessee have designated an additional "state game bird" for hunting. The northern cardinal is the state bird of seven states, followed by the western meadowlark as the state bird of six states. Several states have state dinosaurs in addition to state birds, similarly to states with both a state insect and butterfly, or state mammal and horse.


  • Table 1
  • References 2
  • External links 3


State State bird Binomial
Image Year
Alabama Northern flicker
(state bird)
Colaptes auratus 1927[1]
Wild turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1980[2] Yellowhammer
Alaska Willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus 1955[3]
Arizona Cactus wren Campylorhynchus
Arkansas Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1929[5]
California California quail Callipepla californica 1931[6]
Colorado Lark bunting Calamospiza melanocorys 1931[7]
Connecticut American robin Turdus migratorius 1943[8]
Delaware Delaware blue hen Gallus gallus 1939[9]
Florida Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1927[10]
Georgia Brown thrasher (state bird) Toxostoma rufum 1928[11]
Bobwhite quail (state game bird) Colinus virginianus 1970[12]
Hawaii Nēnē
or Hawaiian goose
Branta sandvicensis 1957[13]
Idaho Mountain bluebird Sialia currucoides 1931[14]
Illinois Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1928[15]
Indiana Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1933[16]
Iowa Eastern goldfinch
aka American goldfinch
Carduelis tristis 1933[17]
Kansas Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1933[18]
Kentucky Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1942[19]
Louisiana Brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis 1966[20]
Maine Black-capped chickadee Poecile atricapilla 1927[21]
Maryland Baltimore oriole Icterus galbula 1947[22]
Massachusetts Black-capped chickadee Poecile atricapilla 1941[23]
Wild turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1991[24]
Michigan American robin Turdus migratorius 1931[25]
Minnesota Common loon Gavia immer 1961[26]
Mississippi Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1944[27]
Wood duck
(state waterfowl)
Aix sponsa 1974[28]
Missouri Eastern bluebird Sialia sialis 1927[29]
Montana Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1941[30]
Nebraska Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1929[31]
Nevada Mountain bluebird Sialia currucoides 1967[32]
New Hampshire Purple finch Carpodacus purpureus 1957[33]
New Jersey Eastern goldfinch Carduelis tristis 1935[34]
New Mexico Roadrunner
aka greater roadrunner
Geococcyx californianus 1949[35]
New York Eastern bluebird Sialia sialis 1970[36]
North Carolina Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1943[37]
North Dakota Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1970[38]
Ohio Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1933[39]
Oklahoma Scissor-tailed flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus 1951[40]
Oregon Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1927[41]
Pennsylvania Ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus 1931[42]
Rhode Island Rhode Island red chicken Gallus gallus 1954[43]
South Carolina Northern mockingbird
(former state bird)
Mimus polyglottos 1939 -
Carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus 1948[44]
Wild turkey
(state wild game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1976[45]
South Dakota Ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1943[46]
Tennessee Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1933[47]
Bobwhite quail
(state wild game bird)
Colinus virginianus 1987[48]
Texas Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1927[49]
Utah California gull Larus californicus 1955[50]
Vermont Hermit thrush Catharus guttatus 1941[51]
Virginia Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1950[52]
Washington Willow goldfinch
aka American goldfinch
Carduelis tristis 1951[53]
West Virginia Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1949[54]
Wisconsin American robin Turdus migratorius 1949[55]
Wyoming Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1927[56]
D.C. & U.S. Territories State bird Binomial
Image Year
District of Columbia Wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina 1938[57]
Guam Guam rail Gallirallus owstoni ?
Northern Mariana Islands Mariana fruit-dove Ptilinopus roseicapilla ?
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican spindalis Spindalis portoricensis ?
U.S. Virgin Islands Bananaquit Coereba flaveola 1970


  1. ^ "Alabama State Bird". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors.  
  2. ^ "Official Alabama Game Bird". Alabama Emblems, Symb and Honors.  
  3. ^ "Alaska State Bird". Alaska History, Geography, Population and State Facts. Fact Monster. 
  4. ^ "Arizona State Bird". Arizona State Bird- Cactus Wren. 50 States. 
  5. ^ "Arkansas State Bird". Arkansas State Bird- Mockingbird. About. 
  6. ^ "California State Bird". California State Bird- California Quail. 50 States. 
  7. ^ "Colorado State Bird". Colorado State Bird- Lark Bunting. About. 
  8. ^ "Connecticut State Bird". The State Bird. State of Connecticut. 
  9. ^ "Delaware State Bird". California State Bird- Blue Hen Chicken. 50 States. 
  10. ^ "Florida State Bird". Florida State Bird: Mockingbird. SHG Resources. 
  11. ^ "Georgia State Bird". Georgia State Bird Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum. Netstate. 
  12. ^ "Georgia Secretary of State - State Game Bird". Georgia Secretary of State. State of Georgia. 
  13. ^ "Hawaii State Bird". The Nene Goose- Branta Sandvicensis-Hawaii's State Bird. Aloha-Hawaii. 
  14. ^ "Idaho State Bird". Georgia State Bird Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides. Netstate. 
  15. ^ "Illinois State Bird". State Symbols. Learn Illinois. 
  16. ^ "Indiana State Bird". Indiana State Emblems- cardinal. Indiana Historical Bureau. 
  17. ^ "Iowa State Bird". Iowa State Bird Eastern Goldfinch Carduelis tristis. Netstate. 
  18. ^ "Kansas State Bird". Kansas State Bird Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta. Netstate. 
  19. ^ "Kentucky State Bird". Kentucky's State Bird: The Cardinal. Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. 
  20. ^ "Louisiana State Bird". Louisiana State Bird: Brown Pelican. SHG Resources. 
  21. ^ "Maine State Bird". Maine State Bird, the Chickadee. Wells Maine. 
  22. ^ "Maryland State Bird". Louisiana State Bird Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula. Netstate. 
  23. ^ "Massachusetts State Bird". Massachusetts State Bird: Chickadee. SHG Resources. 
  24. ^ CIS: State Symbols
  25. ^ "Michigan State Bird". Michigan State Bird American Robin Turdus migratorius. Netstate. 
  26. ^ "Minnesota State Bird". Minnesota State Bird Common Loon Gavia immer. Netstate. 
  27. ^ "Mississippi State Bird". Mississippi State Bird: Mockingbird. SHG Resources. 
  28. ^ "Mississippi State Symbols, Emblems, and Mascots". SHG Resources. 
  29. ^ "Missouri State Bird". Missouri State Bird: Bluebird. SHG Resources. 
  30. ^ "Montana State Bird". Michigan State Bird Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta. Netstate. 
  31. ^ "Nebraska State Bird". Nebraska State Bird: Bluebird. SHG Resources. 
  32. ^ "Nevada State Bird". Nevada State Bird, mountain bluebird. Val-U-Corp Services, Inc. 
  33. ^ "New Hampshire State Bird". New Hampshire State Bird: Purple Finch. SHG Resources. 
  34. ^ "New Jersey State Bird". NJ Senate No. 241. NJ Home. 
  35. ^ "New Mexico State Bird". New Mexico State Bird: Purple Finch. SHG Resources. 
  36. ^ "New York State Bird". New York State Bird Bluebird Sialia sialis. Netstate. 
  37. ^ "North Carolina State Bird". Cardinal- North Carolina State Bird. NC Department of State. 
  38. ^ "North Dakota State Bird". North Dakota State Bird Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta. Netstate. 
  39. ^ "Ohio State Bird". Ohio's State Bird- The Cardinal. Ohio History Central. 
  40. ^ "Oklahoma State Bird". Oklahoma State bird. Birds of Oklahoma. 
  41. ^ "Oregon State Bird". Oregon State Bird Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta. Netstate. 
  42. ^ "Pennsylvania State Bird". Pennsylvania State Bird: Ruffed Grouse. SHG Resources. 
  43. ^ "Rhode Island State Bird". Rhode Island State Bird: Rhode Island Red. SHG Resources. 
  44. ^ a b "State Symbols and Emblems, State Bird"SC Statehouse Student's web page, .  
  45. ^ "State Symbols and Emblems, State Wild Game Bird"SC Statehouse Student's web page, .  
  46. ^ "South Dakota State Bird". South Dakota State Bird Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus. Netstate. 
  47. ^ "Tennessee State Bird". Tennessee State Bird: Mockingbird. SHG Resources. 
  48. ^ "Tennessee State Symbols". Tennessee State General Assembly. 
  49. ^ "Texas State Bird". The Texas State Bird: Mockingbird. Lone Star Junction. 
  50. ^ "Utah State Bird". Utah State Bird California Gull Larus californicus. Netstate. 
  51. ^ "Vermont State Bird". Vermont State Bird- Hermit Thrush. About. 
  52. ^ "Virginia State Bird". NetState. 2005-04-17. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  53. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2007-03-11. 
  54. ^ "West Virginia State Bird". Netstate. 
  55. ^ "Wisconsin State Bird". Wisconsin State Bird: Robin. SHG Resources. 
  56. ^ "Wyoming State Bird". Wyoming State Bird: Robin. State of Wyoming. 
  57. ^ "District of Columbia State Bird". Washington DC State Symbols. 50 States. 

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