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Logical constant

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Title: Logical constant  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Logical truth, Syntax (logic), Logical connective, Interpretation (logic), Outline of logic
Collection: Concepts in Logic, Logic Symbols, Logical Truth, Philosophical Logic, Syntax (Logic)
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Logical constant

In logic, a logical constant of a language \mathcal{L} is a symbol that has the same semantic value under every interpretation of \mathcal{L}. Two important types of logical constants are logical connectives and quantifiers. The equality predicate (usually written '=') is also treated as a logical constant in many systems of logic. One of the fundamental questions in the philosophy of logic is "What is a logical constant?"; that is, what special feature of certain constants makes them logical in nature?[1]

Some symbols that are commonly treated as logical constants are:

Symbol Meaning in English
T "true"
F "false"
¬ "not"
"and"
"or"
"implies", "if...then"
"for all"
"there exists", "for some"
= "equals"
\Box "necessarily"
\Diamond "possibly"

Many of these logical constants are sometimes denoted by alternate symbols (e.g., the use of the symbol "&" rather than "∧" to denote the logical and).

See also

References

  1. ^ Carnap

External links

  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on logical constants


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