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Nixon (film)

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Title: Nixon (film)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2nd Screen Actors Guild Awards, Oliver Stone, 68th Academy Awards, Ed Harris, List of actors who played President of the United States
Collection: 1990S Biographical Films, 1990S Drama Films, 1995 Films, American Biographical Films, American Films, American Political Drama Films, Cinergi Pictures Films, English-Language Films, Film Scores by John Williams, Films About Elections, Films About Presidents of the United States, Films Directed by Oliver Stone, Films Set in the 1920S, Films Set in the 1930S, Films Set in the 1960S, Films Set in the 1970S, Films Set in Washington, D.C., Hollywood Pictures Films, Richard Nixon in Film and Television, Screenplays by Oliver Stone, Watergate Scandal in Film
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Nixon (film)

Nixon
Theatrical poster
Directed by Oliver Stone
Produced by Clayton Townsend
Oliver Stone
Andrew G. Vajna
Written by Stephen J. Rivele
Christopher Wilkinson
Oliver Stone
Starring Anthony Hopkins
Joan Allen
Powers Boothe
Ed Harris
Bob Hoskins
E. G. Marshall
David Paymer
David Hyde Pierce
Paul Sorvino
Mary Steenburgen
J. T. Walsh
James Woods
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Robert Richardson
Edited by Hank Corwin
Brian Berdan
Production
company
Hollywood Pictures
Illusion Entertainment Group
Cinergi Pictures
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures
Release dates
  • December 22, 1995 (1995-12-22) (United States)
Running time
192 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $44 million
Box office $13,681,765

Nixon is a 1995 American biographical film directed by Oliver Stone for Cinergi Pictures that tells the story of the political and personal life of United States President Richard Nixon, played by Anthony Hopkins.

The film portrays Nixon as a complex and, in many respects, admirable, though deeply flawed, person. Nixon begins with a disclaimer that the film is "an attempt to understand the truth [...] based on numerous public sources and on an incomplete historical record."

The cast includes Joan Allen, Annabeth Gish, Marley Shelton, Powers Boothe, J. T. Walsh, E. G. Marshall, James Woods, Paul Sorvino, Bob Hoskins, Larry Hagman, and David Hyde Pierce, plus cameos by Ed Harris, Joanna Going, and political figures such as President Bill Clinton in TV footage from the Nixon funeral service.

This was Stone's second of three films about the American presidency, made four years after George W. Bush.

Contents

  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
    • First Family 2.1
    • White House Staff and Cabinet 2.2
    • The Nixon Family 2.3
    • White House Plumbers 2.4
    • Other Cast Members 2.5
  • Production 3
    • Origins 3.1
    • Pre-production 3.2
    • Principal photography 3.3
  • Reaction 4
  • DVD 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Plot

The film is non-linear, framed by scenes of Nixon listening to his secret recordings towards the end of his presidency as the Watergate crisis intensifies. As such, it covers all aspects of Nixon's life as a composite of actual events, usually in the form of memories triggered by the recordings or newsreel-style summaries. It depicts his childhood in Whittier, California as well as his growth as a young man, football fan and player, and suitor to his eventual wife, Pat Ryan. It explores most of the important events of his presidency, including his downfall due to abuse of executive power in the White House.

The film implies that Nixon and his wife abused alcohol and prescription medication. Nixon's health problems, including his bout of phlebitis and pneumonia during the Watergate crisis, are also shown in the film, and his various medicants are sometimes attributed to these health issues. The movie also hints at some kind of responsibility, real or imagined, that Nixon felt towards the John F. Kennedy assassination through references to "the Bay of Pigs", the implication being that the mechanisms set into place for the invasion by Nixon during his term as Dwight D. Eisenhower's vice-president spiraled out of control to culminate in the assassination and, eventually, Watergate.

The film ends with Nixon's Bill Clinton, are shown in attendance.

Cast

First Family

  • Anthony Hopkins as Richard Nixon.
    The studio did not like Stone's choice to play Nixon. They wanted Tom Hanks or Jack Nicholson — two of Stone's original choices. The director briefly considered Gene Hackman, Robin Williams, Gary Oldman and Tommy Lee Jones. Stone met with Warren Beatty but the actor wanted to make too many changes to the script.[1] Stone cast Hopkins based on his performances in The Remains of the Day and Shadowlands. Of Hopkins, Stone said, "The isolation of Tony is what struck me. The loneliness. I felt that was the quality that always marked Nixon."[2] When the actor met the director he got the impression that Stone was "one of the great bad boys of American pop culture, and I might be a fool to walk away."[3] What convinced Hopkins to ultimately take on the role and "impersonate the soul of Nixon were the scenes in the film when he talks about his mother and father. That affected me."[4]
  • Joan Allen as Pat Nixon
    When Beatty was thinking about doing the film, he insisted on doing a reading of the script with an actress and Allen was flown in from New York City. Afterwards, Beatty told Stone that he had found his Pat Nixon.[1]
  • Annabeth Gish as Julie Nixon Eisenhower
  • Marley Shelton as Tricia Nixon Cox

White House Staff and Cabinet

The Nixon Family

White House Plumbers

Other Cast Members

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