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October 1933

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Title: October 1933  
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Subject: 1933, December 1933, April 1933, February 1933, January 1933
Collection: 1933, Months in the 1900S, October
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October 1933

October 17, 1933: Albert Einstein moves to the United States
October 12, 1933: John Dillinger's gang breaks him out of jail

The following events occurred in October 1933:


  • October 1, 1933 (Sunday) 1
  • October 2, 1933 (Monday) 2
  • October 3, 1933 (Tuesday) 3
  • October 4, 1933 (Wednesday) 4
  • October 5, 1933 (Thursday) 5
  • October 6, 1933 (Friday) 6
  • October 7, 1933 (Saturday) 7
  • October 8, 1933 (Sunday) 8
  • October 9, 1933 (Monday) 9
  • October 10, 1933 (Tuesday) 10
  • October 11, 1933 (Wednesday) 11
  • October 12, 1933 (Thursday) 12
  • October 13, 1933 (Friday) 13
  • October 14, 1933 (Saturday) 14
  • October 15, 1933 (Sunday) 15
  • October 16, 1933 (Monday) 16
  • October 17, 1933 (Tuesday) 17
  • October 18, 1933 (Wednesday) 18
  • October 19, 1933 (Thursday) 19
  • October 20, 1933 (Friday) 20
  • October 21, 1933 (Saturday) 21
  • October 22, 1933 (Sunday) 22
  • October 23, 1933 (Monday) 23
  • October 24, 1933 (Tuesday) 24
  • October 25, 1933 (Wednesday) 25
  • October 26, 1933 (Thursday) 26
  • October 27, 1933 (Friday) 27
  • October 28, 1933 (Saturday) 28
  • October 29, 1933 (Sunday) 29
  • October 30, 1933 (Monday) 30
  • October 31, 1933 (Tuesday) 31
  • References 32

October 1, 1933 (Sunday)

  • Thirty-three people were killed in the capsizing of the Japanese sightseeing boat Koun Maru off of the coast of the Kumamoto Prefecture.[1]
  • At the recommendation of the Nazi government, all patriotic Germans were expected to set aside the first Sunday of each month as an Eintopfsonntag (literally, a "one-pot Sunday"), with families to have a simple meal rather than a more expensive Sunday meal, and to contribute the difference to the Winterhilfswerk fund.[2]
  • Died: Te Rata Mahuta, 56, the fourth King of the Māori people in New Zealand[3]

October 2, 1933 (Monday)

  • The Eugene O'Neill play Ah, Wilderness! was performed for the first time. O'Neill's only comedy, the play has "proved to be enduring and revivable especially in university and community theaters".[4]
  • Born: John Bertrand Gurdon, British biologist, in Dippenhall, Hampshire

October 3, 1933 (Tuesday)

  • A failed assassination attempt against Engelbert Dollfuss seriously injured him.[5]
  • A fire in Griffith Park in Los Angeles trapped more than 50 people employed by a Los Angeles County relief project.[6]
  • Cuban President Ramón Grau narrowly escaped assassination.[7]
  • Died: Abdolhossein Teymourtash, 50, recently jailed Court Minister of Iran; and Young Stribling, 30, American heavyweight boxer, two days after being fatally injured in an auto accident.

October 4, 1933 (Wednesday)

  • The Schriftleitergesetz (Editorial Control Law) took effect in Germany, placing the press under the control of the government. All newspaper and magazine editors had to be members of the new "Reich League of the German Press", which banned non-Aryans as well as people married to non-Aryans.[8]

October 5, 1933 (Thursday)

October 6, 1933 (Friday)

October 7, 1933 (Saturday)

October 8, 1933 (Sunday)

October 9, 1933 (Monday)

  • Born: Peter Mansfield, British physicist, and 2003 recipient of the Nobel Prize for his development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in Lambeth; and Joan Berger, American female professional baseball player AAGPBL Rookie of the Year in 1952, in Passaic, New Jersey

October 10, 1933 (Tuesday)

October 11, 1933 (Wednesday)

  • The United States, United Kingdom and France agreed at Geneva that Germany's request for expansion of defensive armament should not be granted.[15]
  • The "International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age" was signed in Geneva. It would enter into force on August 24, 1934 and be superseded by another convention on March 21, 1950.[16]

October 12, 1933 (Thursday)

  • Three members of John Dillinger's gang- Harry Pierpont, Russell Clark and Charles Makley- invaded the city jail in Lima, Ohio and freed him, killing Sheriff Jesse Sarber in the process.[17][18]
  • U.S. Attorney General Homer Cummings announced that the Department of Justice would acquire the U.S. Army Disciplinary Barracks on California's Alcatraz Island, for the construction of the most secure federal penitentiary up to that time. Cummings told reporters, "Here may be isolated the criminals of the vicious and irredeemable type, so that their evil influence may not be extended to other prisoners who are disposed to rehabilitate themselves." Transfer took place the next day.[19] The first inmates would arrive at Alcatraz Island in 1934.

October 13, 1933 (Friday)

  • Thirty workers were killed in the explosion of a fireworks factory at Visakhapatnam in India.[20]
  • President Roosevelt gave the FBI principal jurisdiction over the Lindbergh kidnapping case, 19 months after the March 1, 1932 disappearance of Charles Lindbergh, Jr.[21]

October 14, 1933 (Saturday)

  • Germany announced that it would withdraw from the League of Nations, after the three Allied Powers of World War I (France, the U.K. and the U.S.) denied its request to increase its military.[22]

October 15, 1933 (Sunday)

  • Esquire, which billed itself as "the magazine for men", published its first issue, with 100,000 copies that sold out quickly, despite the high cover price of fifty cents.[23]
  • The cornerstone for the future Haus der Deutschen Kunst (literally the "House of German Art"), was laid in Munich by Adolf Hitler on a special "German Art Day". Hitler's aide Albert Speer would later recount that the building's architect Paul Troost, had designed a ceremonial silver hammer for the event, but that the hammer broke while Hitler was using it. Troost would die four months later, and Hitler would tell Speer, "When that hammer shattered I knew at once it was an evil omen. Something is going to happen, I thought. Now we know why the hammer broke. The architect was destined to die."[24]
  • The Philadelphia Eagles played their first regular season NFL game, more than a month after the other teams had begun play, losing to the Giants at New York, 56-0.
  • Died: Nitobe Inazō, 71, Japanese diplomat and Christian

October 16, 1933 (Monday)

October 17, 1933 (Tuesday)

October 18, 1933 (Wednesday)

  • The Grumman F2F fighter airplane was given its first flight, piloted by Jimmy Collins.[30]
  • The last [31]

October 19, 1933 (Thursday)

  • [32]
  • Died: Moses Orimolade, 55, Nigerian Yoruban religious leader who founded the Order of the Cherubim and Seraphim.

October 20, 1933 (Friday)

  • A storm on Japan's Oguri Island left 379 fishermen missing.[33]
  • Born: Douala

October 21, 1933 (Saturday)

October 22, 1933 (Sunday)

  • Voters in Iceland overwhelmingly approved the repeal of a 1915 law that had prohibited the sale of alcohol. In 1922, the law had been modified to grant an exception to wines imported from Spain.[36]

October 23, 1933 (Monday)

  • In his first bank robbery since escaping from jail and then raiding police stations for guns and bulletproof vests, John Dillinger and his gang robbed the Central National Bank in Greencastle, Indiana, taking $75,000. On the same day, Baby Face Nelson and his gang robbed the First National Bank of Brainerd, Minnesota, of $32,000.[18][37]

October 24, 1933 (Tuesday)

October 25, 1933 (Wednesday)

  • U.S. President Roosevelt reversed economic policy and began a program of buying gold at higher than the existing rate of $20.67 per ounce.[40]
  • What one author has described as "radio's first romantic adventure", Dangerous Paradise premiered on the NBC Blue Network (later renamed the ABC Radio Network).[41]

October 26, 1933 (Thursday)

  • After the Dillinger gang continued its string of robberies in Indiana, Governor Paul V. McNutt took the unusual response of calling out the Indiana National Guard to stop the criminals. The gang then fled to Chicago.[18]

October 27, 1933 (Friday)

  • Charles Edward Washington, scheduled to be put to death in the electric chair in the District of Columbia jail, was given a two-day reprieve while awaiting death for the murder of a D.C. policeman. His partner, William Robinson, was already in the chair when the call from President Roosevelt came, and was executed as scheduled.[42] After the two days expired, Washington was 2 hours and 20 minutes away from another execution on October 30, when he received another reprieve.[43]
  • Grady Brooks was executed in Milledgeville, Georgia, for the murder of prison guard Lee Lindsay. Before going to the electric chair, the 19-year-old African-American confessed to 18 other murders, five of them when he was a 13-year-old child.[44]
  • Miss Grace Fryer became the 18th employee of an Orange, New Jersey, watch factory to die of radium poisoning. Miss Fryer had developed the disease almost twenty years earlier, and had painted watch faces with radium so that they would glow. As with the other workers, she moistened the paint brushes with her lips and ingested the carcinogenic element.[45]
  • Died: Ramon Casanelles, Spanish anarchist who assassinated Prime Minister Dato; in a motorcycle accident.

October 28, 1933 (Saturday)

  • Stadio Mussolini was formally dedicated in Turin during events marking the 11th anniversary of the March on Rome.[46] The venue was renamed after World War II and is known today as Stadio Olimpico di Torino.
  • Died: E. H. Sothern, 72, American stage actor who was half of the team, with his wife Julia Marlowe, of "Sothern and Marlowe"

October 29, 1933 (Sunday)

  • The Amalgamated Broadcasting System, a radio network founded by Ed Wynn in September to compete against NBC, CBS and Mutual, broadcast its final program and then went off of the air permanently.[47]
  • Died:Paul Painlevé, 69, Prime Minister of France during World War I.

October 30, 1933 (Monday)

October 31, 1933 (Tuesday)

  • Samuel Insull, former utilities magnate who had fled the United States to avoid charges of swindling investors, was successful in avoiding extradition from Greece.[49]


  1. ^ "Steamer Capsizes", Pittsburgh Press, October 2, 1933, p1
  2. ^ Irene Guenther, Nazi 'Chic'?: Fashioning Women in the Third Reich (Berg, 2004) p233
  3. ^ a b Angela Ballara, Te Kingitanga: The People of the Māori King Movement (Auckland University Press, 1996) p108
  4. ^ Don B. Wilmeth, The Cambridge Guide to American Theatre (Cambridge University Press, 2007) p56
  5. ^ "Dollfuss Is Shot But Will Live; Assassin Held", Oakland Tribune, October 3, 1933, p1
  6. ^ "Fifty Trapped, Die in Flames", Pittsburgh Press, October 4, 1933, p1
  7. ^ "President of Cuba Escapes Assassins", Pittsburgh Press, October 3, 1933, p1
  8. ^ Jeffrey Herf, The Jewish Enemy: Nazi Propaganda During World War II And the Holocaust (Harvard University Press, 2006) p18
  9. ^ "'Railroad Jack,' High Brow Hobo, Reaches Trail's End" Pittsburgh Press, October 7, 1933, p1
  10. ^ "OTT's Homer Wins World Series For Giants", Pittsburgh Press, October 8, 1933, pS-1
  11. ^ "Spanish President Dissolves Cortes", Pittsburgh Press, October 9, 1933, p23
  12. ^ "Seven Killed as Air Liner Explodes, Falls in Flames"", Pittsburgh Press, October 11, 1933, p1; "Crash of Air Liner Is Laid to Bomb", Pittsburgh Press, October 14, 1933, p1
  13. ^ Eric Hickey, Encyclopedia of Murder and Violent Crime (SAGE, 2003) p1
  14. ^ Edmund Jan Osmańczyk and Anthony Mango, Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements: A to F (Taylor & Francis, 2003) p1980-1981
  15. ^ "Big Powers Forbid Germany to Re-Arm", Pittsburgh Press, October 11, 1933, p1
  16. ^ Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General, Volume 1 (United Nations Publications, 2005) p460
  17. ^ William B. Breuer, J. Edgar Hoover and His G-Men (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995) p136
  18. ^ a b c G. Russell Girardin and William J. Helmer, Dillinger: The Untold Story (Indiana University Press, 2005)
  19. ^ David A. Ward and Gene G. Kassebaum, Alcatraz: The Gangster Years (University of California Press, 2009) p49
  20. ^ "Fireworks Factory Blast Fatal to 30", Pittsburgh Press, October 14, 1933, p1
  21. ^ Ronald Kessler, The Bureau: The Secret History of the FBI (Macmillan, 2003) p30
  22. ^ "GERMANY QUITS LEAGUE OF NATIONS", Pittsburgh Press, October 14, 1933, p1; Leopold Schwarzschild, Chronicle of a Downfall: Germany 1929-1939 (I.B. Tauris, 2010) p114
  23. ^ David E. Sumner, The Magazine Century: American Magazines Since 1900 (Peter Lang, 2010) p83
  24. ^ Albert Speer, Inside the Third Reich (Simon and Schuster, 1970) p49
  25. ^ "Labor Party Shows Gains in Norway", Lethbridge (AB) Herald, October 18, 1933, p4
  26. ^ Jim Powell, FDR's Folly: How Roosevelt and His New Deal Prolonged the Great Depression (Random House Digital, 2004) p136
  27. ^ Donald R. Raichle, New Jersey's Union College: A History, 1933-1983 (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1983) p30
  28. ^ Walter Isaacson, Einstein: His Life and Universe (Simon and Schuster, 2007) p425
  29. ^ Cornel West and Eddie S. Glaude, African American Religious Thought: An Anthology (Westminster John Knox Press, 2003) p570
  30. ^ Cory Graff, F6F Hellcat at War (Zenith Imprint, 2009) p18
  31. ^ Barbara Allen, Sense Of Place: American Regional Cultures (University Press of Kentucky, 1992) pp84-86; "Mob Lynches Man Accused in Attack Case", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 19, 1933, p1; "1001 Black Men – #197, George Armwood"
  32. ^ Edward M. Bennett, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Search for Security: American-Soviet Relations, 1933-1939 (Rowman & Littlefield, 1985) p16
  33. ^ "379 Missing in Storm", Pittsburgh Press, October 21, 1933, p1
  34. ^ Richard C. Frucht, Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture, Volume 1 (ABC-CLIO, 2004) p78
  35. ^ Howard Pollack, George Gershwin: His Life And Work (University of California Press, 2006) p550
  36. ^ "Voting in Iceland Dooms Prohibition", Pittsburgh Press, October 23, 1933, p1
  37. ^ John Toland, The Dillinger Days (Da Capo Press, 1995) p136
  38. ^ Philip Charles Farwell Bankwitz, Maxime Weygand and Civil-Military Relations in Modern France (Harvard University Press, 1967) p169
  39. ^ Edgar A. Haine, Railroad Wrecks (Associated University Presses, 1993) pp154-155
  40. ^ Herbert Levy, Henry Morgenthau, Jr: The Remarkable Life of FDR's Secretary of the Treasury (Skyhorse Publishing, 2010)
  41. ^ a b Jim Cox, Historical Dictionary of American Radio Soap Operas (Scarecrow Press, 2005)
  42. ^ "President Roosevelt Spares Condemned Man When Death in Chair Is But 4 Minutes Away", Pittsburgh Press, October 27, 1933, p1
  43. ^ "Man Again Escapes Chair", Pittsburgh Press, October 30, 1933, p1
  44. ^ "Youth Confesses Killing 19 Persons", Pittsburgh Press, October 27, 1933, p1
  45. ^ "18th Victim Dies of Radium Poison", Pittsburgh Press, October 27, 1933, p1
  46. ^ "Duce Launches Italy on Drive to 'Conquer' World".  
  47. ^ Bill Jaker, et al., The Airwaves of New York: Illustrated Histories of 156 Am Stations in the Metropolitan Area, 1921-1996 (McFarland, 1998) p12
  48. ^ Antony Beevor, The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 (Penguin, 2006) p40
  49. ^ "Greek Verdict Lauds Insull, Liberates Him", Pittsburgh Press, November 1, 1933, p1
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