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On the Quai at Smyrna

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Subject: In Our Time (short story collection), Ernest Hemingway, Ernest Hemingway: The Collected Stories, Short stories by Ernest Hemingway, The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway
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On the Quai at Smyrna

"On the Quai at Smyrna" is a short story written by Ernest Hemingway, first published in the 1930 Scribner's edition of the In Our Time collection of short stories, then titled "Introduction by the author".[1] Accompanying it was an introduction by Edmund Wilson. Considered little more than a vignette, the piece was renamed "On the Quai at Smyrna" in the 1938 publication of The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories.[2] When In Our Time was re-issued as a separate collection in 1955, it led with "On the Quai at Smyrna", replacing "Indian Camp"[3]

Contents

  • Summary 1
  • Analysis 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

Summary

The story is set in Smyrna in 1922 during the aftermath of the Greco-Turkish War,[4] A narrator describes the evacuation of refugees,[5] where naval troops – possibly British[1] – are at the docks trying to impose order. As the piece opens, the narrator says, "The worst thing was … how they screamed every night at midnight. I do not know why they started screaming. We were in the harbor and they were on the pier and at midnight they started screaming."[6] The officer returns a gunner to the ship, after a Turkish officer complains of his insults. "He felt topping about it. Great friends we were", the narrator says of the officer. Next the narrator tells of women who refuse to give up their dead babies for six days, that the men had to take them away. He mentions the "the Turk", who is unpredictable, whose orders prevent rescuing the refugees. His men could have taken the pier, explains the narrator: "They would have blown us out of the water but we would have blown the town simply to hell."[7] He asks his audience, "You remember the harbor. There were plenty of nice things floating around it. That was the only time in my life I got so I dreamed about things."[7] He tells that the women who are giving birth were not as bad as the dead babies; those women only need a dark place and a blanket. About the evacuation he says, "The Greeks were nice chaps too. When they evacuated they had all their baggage animals they couldn't take off with them, so they just broke their forelegs and dumped them in the shallow water."[7]

Analysis

Hemingway critic Thomas Strychacz says of it that it "explores not the clarity but the terror of events that rupture the boundary of what is rational and comfortably known."[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Oliver (1999), 251
  2. ^ Hagemann (1983), 43
  3. ^ Reynolds (1995), 49
  4. ^ Oliver (1999), 251
  5. ^ a b Strychacz (1996), 60
  6. ^ Hemingway (1930), 11
  7. ^ a b c Hemingway (1930), 12

Sources

  • Oliver, Charles. (1999). Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work. New York: Checkmark Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8160-3467-3
  • Hagemann, E. R. (1983). "'Only Let the Story End as Soon as Possible': Time-and-History in Ernest Hemingway's In Our Time". in Michael Reynolds, (ed). Critical essays on Ernest Hemingway's In our time. Boston: G. K. Hall. ISBN 978-0-8161-8637-2
  • Hemingway, Ernest. (1930) In Our Time. (1996 ed). New York: Scribner. ISBN 978-0-684-82276-1
  • Reynolds, Michael. (1995). Hemingway's 'In Our Time': The biography of a Book. in Kennedy, Gerald J. (ed). Modern American Short Story Sequences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43010-4
  • Strychacz, Thomas. (1996). "In Our Time", Out of Season". in Donaldson, Scott (ed). The Cambridge Companion to Ernest Hemingway. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-45479-7


Further reading

  • Tetlow, Wendolyn E. (1992). Hemingway's "In Our Time": Lyrical Dimensions. Cranbury NJ: Associated University Presses. ISBN 978-0-8387-5219-7

External links

  • Ernest Hemingway Collection, JFK Library
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