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Palaungic languages

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Title: Palaungic languages  
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Subject: Austroasiatic languages, Pakanic languages, Danau language, Hu language, Kiorr language
Collection: Palaungic Languages
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Palaungic languages

Linguistic classification: Austroasiatic
  • Khasi–Palaungic
    • Palaungic
Glottolog: east2331  (East Palaungic)[1]
west2791  (West Palaungic)[2]

The nearly thirty Palaungic or Palaung–Wa languages form a branch of the Austroasiatic languages.

Most of the Palaungic languages lost the contrastive voicing of the ancestral Austroasiatic consonants, with the distinction often shifting to the following vowel. In the Wa branch, this is generally realized as breathy voice vowel phonation; in Palaung–Riang, as a two-way register tone system. The Angkuic languages have contour tone — the U language, for example, has four tones, high, low, rising, falling, — but these developed from vowel length and the nature of final consonants, not from the voicing of initial consonants.


  • Classification 1
    • Diffloth & Zide (1992) 1.1
    • Sidwell (2010) 1.2
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4


Diffloth & Zide (1992)

The Palaungic family includes at least three branches, with the position of some languages as yet unclear. Lamet, for example, is sometimes classified as a separate branch. The following classification follows that of Diffloth & Zide (1992), as quoted in Sidwell (2009:131).

Some researchers include the Mangic languages as well, instead of grouping them with the Pakanic languages.

Sidwell (2010)

The following classification follows the branching given by Sidwell (2010, ms).[4]

Sidwell (2014)[8] proposes an additional branch, consisting of:


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "East Palaungic".  
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "West Palaungic".  
  3. ^
  4. ^ Three Austroasiatic branches and the ASJP (Fig. 23)
  5. ^ Hall, Elizabeth. 2010. A Phonology of Muak Sa-aak. M.A. thesis, Payap University.
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ Sidwell, Paul. 2014. "Khmuic classification and homeland". Mon-Khmer Studies 43.1:47-56
  • Proto-Palaungic

Further reading

  • Gordon, Darren. (2013) ''A selective Palaungic linguistic bibliography. Mon-Khmer Studies vol. 42 Mahidol University and SIL International.
  • Cheeseman, Nathaniel; Elizabeth Hall and Darren Gordon. (2015) Palaungic Linguistic Bibliography with Selected Annotations. Mon-Khmer Studies vol. 44 pages i-liv.
  • Sidwell, Paul. 2015. The Palaungic Languages: Classification, Reconstruction and Comparative Lexicon. München: Lincom Europa.

External links

  • RWAAI (Repository and Workspace for Austroasiatic Intangible Heritage)
  • Palaungic languages in RWAAI Digital Archive
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