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Preston Smith (general)

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Preston Smith (general)

Preston Smith
File:PrestonSmith.jpg
Preston Smith
Born (1823-12-25)December 25, 1823
Giles County, Tennessee
Died September 19, 1863(1863-09-19) (aged 39)
Catoosa County, Georgia
Place of burial Elmwood Cemetery (Memphis, Tennessee)
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–63
Rank Brigadier General
Commands held brigade in the Army of Tennessee
Battles/wars

American Civil War

Preston Smith (December 25, 1823 – September 19, 1863) was a lawyer and soldier from the state of Tennessee who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was killed in action during a night attack during the Battle of Chickamauga in northern Georgia.[1]

Biography

Preston Smith was born in Giles County, Tennessee. After being educated in a country school, he attended Jackson College in Columbia, Tennessee. Smith studied law, passed his bar exam, and established a practice in Columbia. He later moved to Waynesboro, Tennessee, and finally to Memphis, where his practice flourished.[2]

In May 1861, Smith was elected as the colonel of a state militia regiment, the 154th Tennessee, which was soon mustered into the Confederate army. In April 1862, he led his regiment during the Battle of Shiloh in western Tennessee, where he was disabled from a severe wound to his right shoulder, rendering it useless and forcing Smith to turn over command to a subordinate and leave the field. He was unable to resume his command duties until the following month.[1]

He returned in time to participate in Braxton Bragg's Kentucky Campaign. He commanded a brigade in the division of Patrick Cleburne and temporarily succeeded him in command when Cleburne was wounded during the Battle of Richmond.[2]

On October 27, 1862, Smith received a promotion to brigadier general and was given command of a brigade in the Army of Tennessee.

Death at Chickamauga

During a night attack at Chickamauga, Smith and his staff inadvertently rode into Union lines, where he and two aides were struck down. Smith was shot by a sergeant (Bryson) of the 77th Pennsylvania Infantry, as the general chastised the NCO, mistaking him for one of his own troops[3] His gold watch diverted a bullet that would have entered his heart, but Smith's injury was mortal. He was carried to the rear, where he died within the hour. His body was transported to Atlanta for burial. It was exhumed later and re-interred in Elmwood Cemetery in Memphis.[1]

His divisional commander, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham, reported,

"It was in this night attack that Brig.-Gen. Preston Smith of Tennessee received his mortal wound, from which he died in 50 minutes. At the head of his noble brigade, of which he had been the commander as colonel and brigadier-general for two years and a half, he fell in the performance of what he himself, with his expiring breath, simply said was his duty. Active, energetic and brave, with a rare fitness to command, full of honorable ambition in perfect harmony with the most elevated patriotism, the whole country will mourn his fall and do honor to his memory."[2]

See also

Notes

References

  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Evans, Clement A., Confederate Military History, Atlanta, Georgia: Confederate Publishing Company, 1899.
  • Heidler, David S., and Heidler, Jeanne T., eds., Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, W. W. Norton & Company, 2000, ISBN 0-393-04758-X.
  • U.S. War Department, Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Welsh, Jack D., Medical Histories of Confederate Generals, Kent State University Press, 1999, ISBN 978-0-87338-853-5.

External links

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