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Pygmy shark

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Title: Pygmy shark  
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Subject: Squaliformes, Taillight shark, Mandarin dogfish, Whitefin dogfish, Sailfin roughshark
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pygmy shark

Pygmy shark
Drawing by Dr Tony Ayling
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Dalatiidae
Genus: Euprotomicrus
T. N. Gill, 1865
Species: E. bispinatus
Binomial name
Euprotomicrus bispinatus
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Range of pygmy shark (in blue)

The pygmy shark, Euprotomicrus bispinatus, the second-smallest of all the shark species after the dwarf lanternshark, is a sleeper shark of the Dalatiidae family, the only member of the genus Euprotomicrus. Their length is up to about 25 cm (10 in) for females and about 22 cm (8.7 in) for males.

Pygmy sharks are ovoviviparous and produce about 8 young in each litter.


  • Burgess (2005). Euprotomicrus bispinatus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  • "Euprotomicrus bispinatus".  
  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Euprotomicrus bispinatus in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  • Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8
  • Timothy C. Tricas & others, Sharks & Rays, (Harper Collins Publishers Ltd, London, UK 1997) ISBN 0-00-220104-6
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