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Religious epistemology

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Title: Religious epistemology  
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Subject: Religious philosophy, Faith, Index of epistemology articles
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Religious epistemology

Religious epistemology is a broad label for any approach to epistemological questions from a religious perspective, or attempts to understand the epistemological issues that come from religious belief. The questions which epistemologists may ask about any particular belief also apply to religious beliefs and propositions: are they rational, justified, warranted, reasonable, based on evidence and so on. Religious views also influence epistemological theories, such as in the case of Reformed epistemology.[1]

Reformed epistemology has developed in contemporary Christian religious epistemology, such as the work of Alvin Plantinga, William P. Alston, Nicholas Wolterstorff and Kelly James Clark,[2] as a critique of and alternative to the idea of "evidentialism" of the sort proposed by W. K. Clifford.[3][4] Alvin Plantinga, for instance, is critical of the evidentialist analysis of knowledge provided by Richard Feldman and Earl Conee.[5][6]

D. Z. Phillips takes this further and says that the argument of the reformed epistemologists goes further and challenges a view he dubs "foundationalism":

See also


  1. ^ Clark, Kelly James (October 2, 2004). "Religious Epistemology". .  
  2. ^ Clark, Kelly James (March 1990). Return to reason: a critique of Enlightenment evidentialism and defense of reason and belief in God.  
  3. ^ Wolterstorff, Nicholas (1995). Divine discourse: philosophical reflections on the claim that God speaks. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 13–16.  
  4. ^ van Woudenberg, René (2008). "Chapter 3: Reformed Epistemology". In Copan, Paul; Meister, Chad. Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues.  
  5. ^ Feldman, R.; Conee, E. (July 1, 1985). "Evidentialism". Philosophical Studies (Kluwer Academic Publishers) 48: 15.  
  6. ^ Plantinga, Alvin (1993). Warrant and Proper Function. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 185–93.  
  7. ^ Phillips, D. Z. (1988). Faith after Foundationalism. London; New York: Routledge. p. 24.  

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