World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Somniosidae

Article Id: WHEBN0004532581
Reproduction Date:

Title: Somniosidae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Squaliformes, Centroscymnus, Scymnodalatias, Roughskin dogfish, Azores dogfish
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Somniosidae

Sleeper sharks
Somniosus sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Somniosidae
D. S. Jordan, 1888
Diversity
6 genera, 20 species; See text.

Somniosidae is a family of sharks in the order Squaliformes, commonly known as sleeper sharks.[1]

Contents

  • Distribution and habitat 1
  • Diet 2
  • Genera and species 3
  • Hákarl 4
  • References 5

Distribution and habitat

Somniosidae can be found in the following areas:

  • Arctic to subantarctic waters
  • all oceans
  • shelves in cold waters
  • continental and slopes
  • temperate and tropical waters[2]

Diet

Beaks recovered from the stomachs of sleeper sharks suggest that these sharks feed on Colossal squid.[3]

Genera and species

Hákarl

Greenland sharks or basking sharks of the family Somniosidae are hunted for food in Iceland. The shark carcass is traditionally fermented in a shallow pit, with stones placed on top of the shark, allowing poisonous internal fluids, like urea and trimethylamine oxide, to be pressed and drained out of the body. The meat is then cured for several months, rendering it safe for human consumption.[4]

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). "Somniosidae" in FishBase. February 2011 version.
  2. ^ "Family Somniosidae - Sleeper sharks". Fish Base. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Cherel, Y. & G. Duhamel 2004. Antarctic jaws: cephalopod prey of sharks in Kerguelen waters. PDF (531 KB) Deep-Sea Research I 51: 17–31.
  4. ^ Wheatley, Gale (20 September 2010). "Iceland's Wild Culinary Traditions: Hákarl and Brennivín". 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.