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St. Hanshaugen

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Title: St. Hanshaugen  
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Subject: Parks and open spaces in Oslo, St. Hanshaugen Park, List of boroughs of Oslo, East End and West End of Oslo, Marka, Oslo
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St. Hanshaugen

Bydel St. Hanshaugen
District
Coat of arms of Bydel St. Hanshaugen
Coat of arms
Location of Bydel St. Hanshaugen
Coordinates:
Country Norway
City Oslo
Area
 • Total 3.59 km2 (1.39 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 31,550
 • Density 8,800/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-030104
Website bsh.oslo.kommune.no

St. Hanshaugen (Norwegian for St. John's Hill) is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.

Contents

  • Area 1
  • Park 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Area

Map of St. Hanshaugen, c. 1900

It has a triangular shape, with its northern border just north of the buildings of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation and Ullevål University Hospital, and south of the University of Oslo campus at Blindern. In the east, the boundary runs just west of the river Akerselva, then down Storgata before it turns north, up Grensen, Pilestredet and Suhms gate.

Panorama from St. Hanshaugen, c. 1900

The district has its name from St. Hanshaugen Park that lies centrally within it, where the citizens used to celebrate summer solstice (St. Hans in Norwegian). The park was planted by the city in the years 1876-86; it has a pavilion, and a reflecting pool covering a reservoir.

To the southeast of the park is Oslo’s oldest building – Aker Kirke, built around 1100, but restored from ruins around 1860, and then again in the 1950s in a more authentic style. Next to the church is the cemetery Vår Frelsers gravlund, created in 1808 as a result of the great famine and cholera epidemic of the Napoleonic Wars. The nearby area around Damstredet and Telthusbakken is interesting since it retains the small town character of Oslo in the first part of the 19th century.

To the southwest of the park is Bislett stadion, founded in 1907. Finished in 1940, this was the main venue of the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo. The stadium was demolished in 2004, and a new stadion was built in its place.

The borough also contains the labour movement.

Park

St. Hanshaugen is one of Oslo's largest parks, just north of the city centre. This popular recreational area is great for walks, and from the top of the hill you have a nice view of Oslo.

St. Hanshaugen was originally a bare rock hill. In the 1840s the name St. Hanshaugen ("midsummer hill") came into use, as the hill was a popular place for midsummer celebrations. In 1855 it was decided that parts of the hill was to be planted, and a big part of the hill was turned into a park in the next 30 years. The park also got a park keeper house, an artificial creek and a pavilion on the square Festplassen, and the park was expanded. Through the years, a number of statues were also placed in the park. In 1936, the park got an open-air café on Festplassen - the square on top of the hill - which is still a popular summer café today.

Demographics

January 1, 2009, there were 31,550 people living in the district. Of the population in 2004 13,093 (49%) were male. There were 1,918 immigrants from western countries and 2,488 from non-western countries. The countries with most immigrants were Sweden (789), Denmark (272), Pakistan (191), Somalia (188) and Vietnam (182). There were 537 births in 2003, and 260 deaths. The same year 8,139 people moved into the borough, while 8,101 moved out. The average income for the borough was NOK 262,534, somewhat higher than the average for the city of 254,429.[1]

In 2001, 59.4% of those over 20 years old in private households were living alone (national average 37.5%). Of the remainder, 15.7% were cohabitants and 24.9% married (national average 12.2% and 50.2% respectively).[2]

Politics

In the municipal election of 2007 all borough councils became elective, until then most had been appointed by the city council. Labour and the Conservatives each gained 4 seats, the Socialist Left have 3, the Liberals 2, the Progress Party and the Red Electoral Alliance 1 each.

The municipal election of 2011 changed the composition of the council. The Conservative Party became the biggest, winning 5 seats, while Labour kept its 4, the Liberal Party its 2, and the Red Party its 1 seat. The Socialist Left and the Progress Party lost one seat each, ending at 2 and 0, respectively. The Green Party won its first St.Hanshaugen-seat. This is still the sitting borough council, led by Torunn Kanutte Husvik of the Labour Party.

References

  1. ^ http://www.utviklings-og-kompetanseetaten.oslo.kommune.no/kostra_statistikk_og_nokkeltall_for_bydelene/demografi/article37519-10977.html
  2. ^ http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/01/fobhushold/tab-2002-09-02-12.html

External links

  • History (in Norwegian)
  • Map (pdf)
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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