World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Strong noun

Article Id: WHEBN0011946412
Reproduction Date:

Title: Strong noun  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Index of Iceland-related articles, Icelandic grammar, Weak noun, Icelandic language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Strong noun

A strong noun is a phenomenon of both Icelandic and Irish, marked in each by case or number markings.


In the Icelandic language, a strong noun is one which falls into one of four categories, depending on the endings of the characteristic cases, i.e., the nominative and genitive singular and the nominative plural. For masculines this gives the following four-way split to be counted as strong:

The latter two cases end in -s and -ar.
The latter two cases end in -s or -ar and -ir.
The latter two cases end in -ar and -ir.
Irregular but not a weak noun.

For feminines this looks like:

The latter two cases end in -ar or -r and -ar.
The latter two cases end in -ar and -ir.
The latter two cases end in -ar or -ur and -ur or -r.
Irregular but not a weak noun.

Most neuters are strong, and end in -s in the genitive singular with the exception of , genitive fjár. Although strong neuters technically only belong to one category, it is a diverse group, so about a dozen paradigms are necessary to account for varieties and exceptions.

The weak neuters are so few, that a list suffices, to be found on the page for weak nouns.


In the Irish language, a strong noun is one in which a noun maintains the same form of the plural in all cases, especially both the nominative and genitive plurals.

The strong-noun endings are -(a)í, -ta/-te, -the, -(e)acha, and (e)anna. Certain other nouns that take plain -a or -e may be strong if the nominative and genitive plural are the same. All nouns ending in vowels in Irish are considered strong.

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.