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U language

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Title: U language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Austroasiatic languages, Languages of China, Palaungic languages, Tai Loi language, Lamet language
Collection: Languages of China, Palaungic Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

U language

Region China
Native speakers
40,000  (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 uuu
Glottolog uuuu1243[2]

The U language, or P'uman, is spoken by 40,000 people in the Yunnan province of China and possibly Burma. It is classified as a Austroasiatic language in the Palaungic branch.


U is spoken in Shuangjiang County of Yunnan and other nearby counties.[3]

  • Wang & Chen (1981) covers the dialect of Pengpan 碰拚, Dafengshan Township 大凤山乡, Shuangjiang County.
  • Zhou & Yan (1983) covers the dialect of Pangpin 胖品,[4] Yongge Township 永革乡, Shuangjiang County.
  • Yan & Zhou (2012) cover U of Gantang 甘塘, Yongde County as well as U of Pangpin 胖品.
  • Svantesson (1991:67) documents the U dialect of Paɑ̃ Xɛp (Bangxie 邦协), Shahe Township 沙河乡, Shuangjiang County.[5]


U has four tones, high, low, rising, falling, which developed from vowel length and the nature of final consonants.


  1. ^ U at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "U". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  • Svantesson, Jan-Olof. 1988. "U." In Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 11 , no. 1: 64-133.
  • Yan Qixiang [颜其香] & Zhou Zhizhi [周植志] (2012). Mon-Khmer languages of China and the Austroasiatic family [中国孟高棉语族语言与南亚语系]. Beijing: Social Sciences Academy Press [社会科学文献出版社].

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