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United States Secretary of the Interior

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United States Secretary of the Interior

Secretary of the Interior of the United States of America
Flag of the U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Seal of the U.S. Department of the Interior
Incumbent
Sally Jewell

since April 12, 2013[1]
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C., U.S.
Appointer The President
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 43 U.S.C. § 1451
Formation March 3, 1849
First holder Thomas Ewing
Succession None (United States Presidential Line of Succession)
Deputy Deputy Secretary of the Interior
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website .gov.DOIwww

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.

The U.S. Department of the Interior should not be confused with the concept of Ministries of the Interior as used in other countries. Ministries of the Interior correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S. Cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States,[2] the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River.

The current Secretary of the Interior in Barack Obama's administration is former REI CEO Sally Jewell of Washington. She was confirmed by the Senate on April 10, 2013.[3] As a naturalized U.S. citizen born in the United Kingdom rather than a natural-born U.S. citizen, she is not eligible to succeed the President in the presidential line of succession.

The former flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior, which was used from 1917 to 1934.

Secretaries of the Interior

Parties

      Whig       Democratic       Republican

Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of the Interior
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2 Thomas M. T. McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850
3 Alexander H. H. Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 Caleb B. Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John P. Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
8 James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville H. Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
10 Jacob D. Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
12 Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
13 Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
15 Henry M. Teller Colorado April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885
16 Lucius Q. C. Lamar II Mississippi March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 William F. Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
18 John W. Noble Missouri March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 David R. Francis Missouri September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
21 Cornelius N. Bliss New York March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 Ethan A. Hitchcock Missouri February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt
23 James R. Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909
24 Richard A. Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 Walter L. Fisher Illinois March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
26 Franklin K. Lane California March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
- Alexander T. Vogelsang
(acting)
California February 29, 1920 March 13, 1920
27 John B. Payne Illinois March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
28 Albert B. Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928
Calvin Coolidge
30 Roy O. West Illinois July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929
31 Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 Harold L. Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
- Oscar L. Chapman
(acting)
Colorado February 15, 1946 March 18, 1946
33 Julius A. Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949
34 Oscar L. Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
35 Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Clarence A. Davis
(acting)
Nebraska April 15, 1956 June 8, 1956
36 Fred A. Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
37 Stewart L. Udall Arizona January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
38 Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
- Fred J. Russell
(acting)
California November 25, 1970 January 29, 1971
39 Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975
Gerald Ford
- D. Kent Frizzell
(acting)
Kansas April 30, 1975 June 12, 1975
40 Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975
- D. Kent Frizzell
(acting)
Kansas October 9, 1975 October 17, 1975
41 Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
- Alfred G. Albert
(acting)
January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
42 Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981
43 James G. Watt Colorado January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
- J. J. Simonds III
(acting)
New Jersey November 8, 1983 November 18, 1983
44 William P. Clark California November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
45 Donald P. Hodel Virginia February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
- Earl E. Gjelde
(acting)
Virginia January 20, 1989 February 3, 1989 George H. W. Bush
46 Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993
47 Bruce E. Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
- Thomas N. Slonaker
(acting)
Arizona January 2, 2001 January 31, 2001
George W. Bush
48 Gale A. Norton Colorado January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006
- Lynn Scarlett
(acting)
California April 1, 2006 May 26, 2006
49 Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 29, 2006 January 19, 2009
- Lynn Scarlett
(acting)
California January 19, 2009 January 20, 2009
Barack Obama
50 Ken Salazar Colorado January 20, 2009 April 12, 2013
51 Sally Jewell Washington April 12, 2013[4] Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of the Interior

As of August, 2013, eight former Secretaries of the Interior are alive, the oldest being Manuel Lujan, Jr. (1989-1993, born 1928). The most recent to die was William P. Clark, Jr., on August 10, 2013.

Name Term of office Date of birth
Cecil D. Andrus 1977–1981 (1931-08-25) August 25, 1931
James G. Watt 1981–1983 (1938-01-31) January 31, 1938
Donald P. Hodel 1985–1989 (1935-05-23) May 23, 1935
Manuel Lujan, Jr. 1989–1993 (1928-05-12) May 12, 1928
Bruce E. Babbitt 1993–2001 (1938-06-27) June 27, 1938
Gale A. Norton 2001–2006 (1954-03-11) March 11, 1954
Dirk Kempthorne 2006–2009 (1951-10-29) October 29, 1951
Ken Salazar 2009–2013 (1955-03-02) March 2, 1955

See also

References

  1. ^ . U.S. Department of the Interior http://www.doi.gov/whoweare/secretaryjewell.cfm. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Salazar, Vilsack: The West’s New Land Lords
  3. ^ Sally Jewell sails through Senate confirmation, Politico
  4. ^ . U.S. Department of the Interior http://www.doi.gov/whoweare/secretaryjewell.cfm. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 

External links

  • List of Secretaries of the Interior (DoI)
  • List of Secretaries of the Interior (worldstatesmen.org)
  • The Department of Everything Else: Highlights of Interior History (1989)
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Attorney General
8th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Agriculture
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