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Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia

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Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia

Ethio-Djibouti Railways

The Ethio-Djibouti Railways, also known as the Ethio-Djibouti Railway Enterprise, is a railway company based in the Horn of Africa. It is the successor of the Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia and is jointly owned by the governments of Ethiopia and Djibouti. The firm was established after Djibouti gained independence in 1977 and received the French shares of the Imperial Railway Company. The railway links Addis Ababa, the capital of landlocked Ethiopia, to the Port of Djibouti in coastal Djibouti. Maintenance shops along the line are located in Dire Dawa.

Overview

The single track 781 km railway has a gauge, most of it on Ethiopian territory, and about 100 km in Djibouti.[1] The company is headquartered in Addis Ababa; the ministers of the Djiboutian Ministry of Equipment and Transport and the Ethiopian Ministry of Transportation and Communications are the president and vice-president of the company.

As of 2009, there reportedly had been no passenger service between Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa for the past two years.[2] The service from Djibouti to Dire Dawa ceased in August 2010.[2]

Ethio-Djibouti Railways has annually run a deficit and is in need of rehabilitation.[3] The European Commission prepared a grant of EUR 40 million in 2003 and raised it to EUR 50 million in 2006. On November 29, 2006, an agreement was signed with the Italian consortium Consta, and work began in 2007 on sections of the line that deteriorated following the Ogaden War.[4]

A change in management is anticipated, which is expected to raise the capacity of the railroad from its current average of 240,000 tons to 1.5 million tons.[5] Initially in 2006, the South African firm Comazar was chosen to receive a 25-year concession. However, this plan was not executed, and in early 2008, it was announced that the railway was in negotiations with the Kuwaiti company Fouad Alghanim and Sons Group.[6] The Ethiopian government announced that it had spoken with the visiting Indian Minister of State for External Affairs, Shashi Tharoor, during his visit on 29 January 2010, about funding to improve the cargo capacity of the rail track from 14 to 17 tons, which would boost the national trade volume significantly.[7]

Addis Ababa railway station

The Addis Ababa railway terminal, La Gare, is a century-old historical building. In 2008 a street project threatened to lead to its isolation or demolition.[8]

Standards

  • Couplers : Alliance
  • Brakes : Air ; in 1935 some freight wagons not fitted [9]

See also

References

Notes

Further reading

External links

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