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Madanapalli

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Madanapalli

Madanapalle
మదనపల్లె
Madanapalle
town

Madanapalle Town
Madanapalle
Madanapalle

Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50

Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Chittoor
Area
 • Total 1,001 km2 (386 sq mi)
Elevation 695 m (2,280 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 176,261
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517325
Telephone code 918571
Vehicle registration AP 03

Madanapalle (Telugu: మదనపల్లె), is a town and a municipality located in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh state, India - population 176,261 (2011 census). Legend has it that the name of the town was originally "Maryaada Raamanna Pattanam ", which has, over time, changed into " Madanapalle".

It is one of the biggest Revenue Divisions in India (it covers almost half of the Chittoor district). It is a fast-growing city at the center of an agricultural region noted for its fruits and vegetables, especially tomatoes. It has a railway station and is the gateway to Horsley Hills, a big hill station and summer resort. It is the birthplace of the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti, who founded the nearby Rishi Valley School.

It is also known for its high-quality silks, which are spun into sarees and other types of clothing. Neerugattu vari palle is a place in town where silk sarees are available at the production cost. The famous poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore translated Jana Gana Mana, India's national anthem, from Bengali to English and also set it to music along with Margaret Cousins (an expert in European music and wife of Irish poet James Cousins) in Madanapalle. Madanapalle is famous for the Besant Theosophical College named after Dr. Annie Besant

Horsley Hills is situated near Madanpalle in Chittoor District at an altitude of 4400 feet (1314 m) above sea level. Mr. W.D. Horsley, a British member of the civil service and the then District Collector of YSR District, who found the climate very hot, selected this area as his summer resort on the top of the hills. He constructed two houses, the Kachari Room and the Milk Bungalow and developed it as a summer resort.

There are four engineering colleges in Madanapalli and MITS Engineering college is the famous among them all. MITS is located near Horsley Hills. World Health Organization's TB Sanatorium situated at about 8 Km is a well known centre for TB research and cure.

Demographics

Description Town - Madanapalle. Government - Municipality. Urban Agglomeration - Madanapalle Metropolitan. State - Andhra Pradesh.


Madanapalle Town Total Male Female
Population 135,669 67,432 68,237
Literates 99,486 52,994 46,492
Children (0-6) 13,448 6,944 6,504
Average Literacy (%) 81.40 87.61 75.31
Sexratio 1012
Child Sexratio 937

Madanapalle Town comes under Madanapalle Metropolitan area

Madanapalle Metropolitan Total Male Female
Population 179,267 89,692 89,575
Literates 128,467 69,340 59,127
Children (0-6) 18,062 9,312 8,750
Average Literacy (%) 79.69 86.27 73.15
Sexratio 999
Child Sexratio 940

Madanapalle Metropolitan Areas. Ankisettipalle, Basinikonda (Part), Chippili, Kollabylu (Part), Madanapalle, Madanapalle (R) (Part), Pamaiahgaripalle, Pappireddi Palle, Ponnetipalem (Part), Venkappakota,

Culture

Madanapalle is a centre of vernacular culture. The literary languages are Telugu and Urdu. Many organisations are serving the literary fields of both Telugu and Urdu. Telugu Rachayitala Sangham (Telugu Poets' Association), Telugu Nataka Kala Parishad and Anjuman Taraqui Urdu are important. Madanapalle people are quite fond of movies and there are more than 12 cinema halls in the town, which are considered many, for a town of this size.People are enjoying living at madanapalle.

Transport

The City is served by three Bus Stations and a Railway station.

RTC bus station - where the state owned RTC buses run to different parts of the district and state. It is one of the towns which have two bus depots and making more profits than APSRTC. Every five minutes buses fly to Tirupathi from here.

Chittoor bus station - private buses bound for Chittoor and Nimmanapalle start from here.

Bengaluru bus station - private buses bound for Bangalore, Chintamani and other villages start here. Govt. buses do stop here.

Madanapalli Road railway station (CTM Railway station) is situated on the Tirupati - Guntakal BG line. It has trains to Guntakal and Secunderabad.

Buses to Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Tirupati ply continuously. There are around 10 to 15 busses running daily from Madanapalli to Hyderabad including volvo services.

Distances

The city is situated at a distance of 115 kilometres from the temple city of Tirupati and 122 kilometres from Bangalore and is 91 km north-west of Chittoor. The nearest airports are Tirupati (150 km), Bangalore (122 km) & Chennai (240 km). The nearest railway station is Madanapalle Road (MPL)(13 km).

Distances by road from Madanapalle to Major destinations:

Climate

Madanapalle has pleasantly mild, to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 degrees Celsius (86 F to 95 F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 degrees celsius (104 F)and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 to 15 degrees Celsius ( 44.6 F to 59 F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February. It has an extreme type of climate. Rainy season remains pleasant.People are enjoying living at madanapalle. Madanapalle is improved like big city, need to improve roads.

Products

Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Famous for silk and silk products like sarees and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognisable. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.People from different parts of state and country come here for buying pure silk sarees. Neerugattuvaripalle is a street in MADANAPALLE which is famous for silk shops.Also, Madanapalle is famous for tomatoes. Daily hundreds of loads are exporting to various cities like Chennai, OOty, Bangalore, Hyderabad e.t.c.

History

The history of Madanapalle was dated back to 907 during Chola Kingdom. Previously the town was located to west of Sri Yogabhogeswara Swami Temple. The vastu sastra revealed that there would not be any development of town as it is located in that area. Then the Palegar Sriman Ahobalanayaningaru thought to change the place of town. They left the cow to gaze the grass. The cow started gazing the grass along the forest and stopped at a particular place. That was the place decided for initiation of construction of new town. Ahobilanayani varu constructed fort around the town. Later on it destroyed with the age. The present streets in Madanapalle like Kota Street, Agartha street, sepoy street are the reminiscences of previous establishments.

Madanapalle was ruled by Vijayanagara Palegars namely Basavanna and Madanna. In memory of their names, the two hills on the east of Madanapalle were named as “Madanna Hill” and “Basavanna Hill” which gradually transformed to Madinikonda and Basinikonda.

During 907 – 955, Yadavanayikas and Hoyasalas ruled by Vijayanagara kingdom. After its downfall, it went under the rule of Golkonda nawabs during 1565. During 1713, the Kadapa Nawab, Abdul Nabi Khan captured Madanapalle. Madanapalle was transformed from Karnataka provinson to Kadapa division. There was war between Kadapa Nawabs and Maharastra rulers for the sake of Madanapalle and Pungnaoor provision. Kadapa Nawab was defeated by Balajirao Peshi and captured Madanapalle. Later, Mysore Maharaja occupied Gurram Konda. Tippu Sultan took great care of Madanapalle and Punganoor divisions. Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector’s bunglow and visited Madanapalle every summer. In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B.Manoly was the first Sub Collector.

The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics.

The other historical places include the Chennakesava Swamy Temple at a distance of 47 km from Madanapalle which was built in the 14th century by Krishna Devarayalu. The other place to visit is the Mallaya Konda temple built by Chola raja in the 14th century. The Kollabailu water falls is just 15 km from the town. Venugopalaswami temple located in Thettu is just 15 km from the town. Also, Boyakonda Gangamma temple is located near to Madanapalle is just about 20 km via Yarrathivari Palle, Pittavari Palle.

Horsely Hills located near Madanapalle is a cute tropical hill station, which is the summer resort of the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. The name of the Hill station is derived from the British Collector who initially developed it. The Sanitorium located at a distance of 5 km from the town of Madanapalle was hither too one of the rare health centres in the world where the disease of Tuberculosis was cured. Subhas Chandra Bose too got the treatment for tuberculosis at Madanapalle Sanitorium. Madam Anne Besant laid the foundation stone for the College established by the Theosophical Society in 1917, which was named after her. Many stalwarts of Indian freedom struggle studied at this college

Jana Gana Mana Translation

Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to music in Madanapalle, a town in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh.

Though the Bengali song had been written in 1911 itself, it had remained largely confined to the pages of the Brahmo Samaj journal, "Tatva Bodha Prakasika", of which Tagore was the editor.

Great philosopher "Jiddu Krishna Murthy" was born in madanapalle. Now his house was morphed as Library. In Madanapalle he established a world famous "RISHI VALLEY" school.

During 1918-19, Tagore accepted an invitation from a friend and controversial Irish poet James H. Cousins, to spend a few days at the Besant Theosophical College, of which Cousins was the principal. On the evening of February 28, he joined a gathering of students and upon Cousins' request, sang the "Jana Gana Mana" in Bengali. In the days that followed, enchanted by the dreamy hills of Madanapalle, Tagore wrote down the English translation of the song and along with Cousins' wife, Margaret (an expert in western music), set down the notation which is followed till this day.

Today, in the library of the Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle, the framed original English translation is displayed. One interesting thing is the first radio news reader is from madanapalli. She is follower of Shri Sarojini Naidu and her name is Shri Jolepalem Mangamma Madam. She also holds a copy of Jana Gana Mana translated into English by Tagore.

Assembly constituency

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. M.L.A's of MADANAPALLE from 1952 to till now

Engineering & Degree Colleges Located in Madanpalle

  • Aditya College of Engineering
  • Besant Theosophical college
  • Madanpalle Institute of Technology and Science (MITS)
  • Sir Vishveshwaraiah Institute of Science & Technology (SVIST)
  • Government Modern Residential Polytechnic college (GMR Polytechnic College
  • Golden Valley Institute of Technology
  • Viswam Institute of Technology
  • Sri Krishna Chaithanya Pharmacy College

www.madanapallelive.com

Shri Gnanambica Degree college.
Shri Gnanambica Jr. college.
  • Sri Srinivasa Degree College.
  • Govt degree college for Women, madanapalle

References

నవ్వడం భోగం.. నవ్వించడం యోగం.. నవ్వకపోవడం రోగం

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