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Valladolid (province)

 

Valladolid (province)

Valladolid
Province

Coat of arms

Map of Spain with Valladolid highlighted

Coordinates: 41°35′N 4°40′W / 41.583°N 4.667°W / 41.583; -4.667Coordinates: 41°35′N 4°40′W / 41.583°N 4.667°W / 41.583; -4.667

Autonomous community Castilla y León
Capital Valladolid
Government
 • President Ramiro Ruiz Medrano
Area
 • Total 8,110 km2 (3,130 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 28th
  1.61% of Spain
Population (2006)
 • Total 519,249
 • Rank Ranked 29th
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
  1.17% of Spain
Demonym Spanish: Vallisoletano/a
Official language(s) Spanish
Website diputaciondevalladolid.es

Valladolid (pronounced: [baʎaðoˈlið]) is a province of central/northwest Spain, in the central part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It has a population of 534,874 people in a total of 225 municipalities, an area of 8,110 km² and a population density of 65.80 people per km².

The capital is the city of Valladolid. It is bordered by the provinces of Zamora, León, Palencia, Burgos, Segovia, Ávila, and Salamanca. It is, therefore, the only Spanish province surrounded only - and entirely - by others in their same autonomous community.

This province stands out as having one of the Human Development Index ((HDI) of 0.978 in 2012) highest in the world (6th place in Spain), outlining how the province with the best index of educational level of Spain. It is very famous both its gastronomy (Lechazo (Veal or lambs), Suckling pig, black pudding, sausage, breads, soups, vegetables ... ) as their wines with designations of origin, mainly the Ribera del Duero Denomination of Origin, the Rueda Denomination of Origin, the Cigales denomination of Origin and also the Toro Designation of Origin and the Tierra de León Denomination of Origin.

The province once served as the capital of the Castilian court and the former capital of the Empire during the reigns of Emperor Carlos I, Philip II and Philip III, which explains why to this day it remains pregnant with castles and strengths. The capital has an important historical - artistic heritage and one of the more important museums of sculpture of Europe. The province of Valladolid is specially famous for his processions of Holy Week, so much in the capital, since in the localities of Medina de Rioseco and Medina del Campo.

Valladolid is the main economic centre of the autonomous community of Castile-Leon.

History


The first stable population that settled in the present province belongs to the people of the pre-roman Vaccaei (Spanish name: vacceos), who were residents of very advanced culture and, as the rest of Celtic peoples arrived to the peninsula from the north of Europe (there is that indicate who also occupied territories that correspond to another provinces). n the year 178 a. C. The romans conquered the territory. Thus the lands that make up the current province came under occupation of these, up to the barbarian invasions of the early 5th century AD. The province came under the control of new Visigothic Kingdom. After the invasion of the Iberian peninsula by the Muslims in the year 711, they arrived in these lands just a year later, in 712. Later this area was the subject of battles between the Muslims and the Christian Kingdom of León in the first half of the 11th century. Valladolid was founded in the year 1072 by Count Pedro Ansúrez. From here its history was linked to that of the Crown of Castile. Did not know any invasions (by removing wars and dynastic family issues) until the revolt of the comuneros in the year 1520, which ended with the ringleaders of that revolt publicly executed in Villalar de los Comuneros. Then it lived – and experienced – the War of the Spanish Succession (1700–1715), the Peninsular War against France (1808–1814), the Invasion of Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis in 1823 (that was the fastest and least of all the bloody wars). On Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) Valladolid was the "most significant regional nucleus" of Falangism in the Spanish Second Republic, managing the second-highest provincial vote for the party in the otherwise dismal (for Falangists) elections of 1936, just behind Cadiz.[1] The province was controlled by Franco's Nationalists throughout the Civil War. During the Franco period there was an exodus from the rural countryside to the industrial cities, and after, when the arrival of democracy in Spain, finally the province was part of the new autonomous community of Castile and Leon in the early 80.

Nowadays is one of the best provinces in the country in terms of health, education, security, cultural and linguistic heritage and economic (fifth province with the largest index of greater convergence with the European Union).

Demography

Evolution

Demography evolution of Provice Of Valladolid
Año 1994 1995 1996 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Población 505.208 504.583 490.205 492.029 494.594 495.690 497.961 501.157 506.302 510.863
Año 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Población 514.674 519.249 521.661 529.019 532.575

Indicadores demográficos

Number of people

Valladolid is the most populated province of de Castile and León, with 529.019 people in 2008 (INE), Representing more than 20% of the total population of the community. In the set of Spain, the province contributes something more than 1.1% by weight of the total, being the 19th most populous province.[2]

The population of province of Valladolid is one of the few that grows in Castile and León and also is the population youngest of all the region and one of the younger of North of Spain. The population is also characterized for being one of the most long-lived of Spain and Europe.

Population size by the municipalities According to Padrón. 2003 Year Total 506.302 people

  • Less of 101 – 2.191
  • from 101 to 500 – 29.884
  • from 501 to 1.000 – 12.310
  • from 1.001 to 2.000 – 28.559
  • from 2.001 to 5.000 – 35.266
  • from 5.001 to 10.000 – 36.858
  • from 10.001 to 20.000 — ~~ ~~
  • from 20.001 to 50.000 – 40.091
  • from 50.001 to 100.000 — ~~ ~~
  • from 100.001 to 500.000 – 321.143
  • More of 500.000 — ~~ ~~

Structure of the population

Most of the population of Valladolid, the 65.4%, has between 16 and 64 years ( INE 2006 ). Below is the number of people aged 65 years, with a 17.7% and finally the children and adolescents up to 15 years, with a 16.9%. Within the majority group of people between 16 and 64 years, the predominant range is 25 to 50 years,Therefore, the population structure of the province of Valladolid is predominantly adult/young.[3]

Total Population of the province (2007)

  • Men = 255.983
  • Women = 265.678
  • Total = 521.661
  • As a percentage:
    • Men 49,07%
    • Women 50,93%

Nº people by age

  • 0–4 years: 22.379 = 4,29%
  • 5–9 years: 20.911 = 4,01%
  • 10–14 years: 21.125 = 4,05%
  • 15–19 years: 23.762 = 4,56%
  • 20–24 years: 30.782 = 5,90%
  • 25–29 years: 41.545 = 7,96%
  • 30–34 years: 45.430 = 8,71%
  • 35–39 years: 43.062 = 8,25%
  • 40–44 years: 41.180 = 7,89%
  • 45–49 years: 39.285 = 7,53%
  • 50–54 years: 35.279 = 6,76%
  • 55–59 years: 34.005 = 6,52%
  • 60–64 years: 30.061 = 5,76%
  • 65–69 years: 22.472 = 4,31%
  • 70–74 years: 23.853 = 4,57%
  • 75–79 years: 19.958 = 3,83%
  • 80–84 years: 14.799 = 2,84%
  • 85 years and more: 11.773 = 2,26%

Municipality with more population



The twenty most populated municipalities in the province of Valladolid are the following ( INE of 1 January 2009):

Municipality by population (greater to less)
Place Municipality Population
Valladolid 317.864
Laguna de Duero 21.762
Medina del Campo 21.540
Arroyo de la Encomienda 11.716
Tordesillas 9.067
Tudela de Duero 8.503
Cistérniga 8.055
Íscar 6.902
Peñafiel 5.592
10ª Simancas 5.152
11ª Zaratán 4.992
12ª Medina de Rioseco 4.977
13ª Cigales 4.376
14ª Olmedo 3.845
15ª Santovenia de Pisuerga 3.732
16ª Pedrajas de San Esteban 3.652
17ª Boecillo 3.538
18ª Cabezón de Pisuerga 3.355
19ª Mojados 3.351
20ª Aldeamayor de San Martín 3.311

Taking into account that the population of Valladolid, Laguna de Duero, Medina del Campo and Arroyo de la Encomienda represents almost 75% of the total of the province or the 23 municipalities in the metropolitan area of Valladolid troop-contributing almost 80% of the total population weight, it is verified that there is a clear demographic contrast with highly depopulated areas with a marked rural character; between the municipalities more uninhabited areas of the province, are Aguasal, Torrecilla de la Torre, Almenara Adaja, San Salvador, Break and Fontihoyuelo that do not exceed the 40 registered inhabitants.

Immigration

Foreign population by nationality
País %
 Bulgaria 24,92%
 Romania 18,45%
 Morocco 8,22%
 Brazil 6,52%
 Colombia 6,15%
 Portugal 4,56%
 Ecuador 4,50%
 Dominican Republic 4,04%
 Bolivia 2,51%
 France 2,23%
 Peru 1,82%
 China 1,76%

Immigrants in Valladolid represent 6% of the population. Today immigrants with residence card in Valladolid are 32,235 to which we have to add the residents without residence card or illegal. It is estimated that in total the immigrants from the province of Valladolid exceed 35.00[3]

Patrimony

Castles of Valladolid



The province of Valladolid is one of the European regions with more castles and that besides are being improved for the use and enjoy of all the people. Between the more of 30 castles that has the province of Valladolid is the La Mota Castle, in Medina del Campo. These are some of the castles of Valladolid:

References

External links

  • Spain's Tourism Board official Website
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